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The Llewellyn Encyclopedia

Term: Great Chain of Being

DEFINITIONS

Great Chain of Being:

The belief in a hierarchical structure to the universe, from God down to angels, fallen angels (or demons), astronomical features, royalty, common folk, animals, plants, and down to precious and then common minerals. The concept began with Plato and Aristotle, but achieved a high level with the Neoplatonists and Kabalists. Since this structure was believed to be decreed by God, it gave royalty—including kings, queens, princes, and all nobles—superiority over common people, a belief that existed until the Enlightenment that began in the late 17th century and culminated in the American and French Revolutions.




ARTICLES

Ritual To Awaken Magical Awareness
Everyone learns best by doing. The ritual described below is representative of the rituals worked in modern magic. It should be used as a general pattern indicating the essential elements and sequence of rituals, and will also, I hope, be of ...
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Egyptian Magic
Ancient Egyptian religion was a complex and beautiful balance of monotheism and polytheism, along with a good dose of pure magic. For the Egyptians there was no such thing as a separation between magic and religion. One ancient writer, Clement of ...
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Review of Gothic Tarot of Vampires
Summary: Although this deck will obviously appeal to those who are interested in vampire culture, Interview with the Vampire, the Twilight series of books and the TV show True Blood, people uninterested in that mythos shouldn’t dismiss this deck ...
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The Initiatory Tarot of the Golden Dawn Review
Summary: The Initiatory Tarot of the Golden Dawn is an evocative and provocative deck exploring a new vision of tarot that is fresh and exciting while remaining consistent with the Golden Dawn tradition. This deck would be suitable for someone with ...
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Review of Tarot Lenormand
Summary: Tarot Lenormand is a creative blend of traditional Lenormand cards, The Book of Thoth Tarot by Eteilla, and a touch of RWS [Rider-Waite-Smith]. As such, it is presents unusual and delightful challenges to those familiar with RWS decks that ...
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Conversation with your Higher Self
Yes, it is possible to converse with your Higher Self. First you have to honestly believe in the Higher Self, and that the person you think of as your self is not it. At the same time, don’t let the name "Holy Guardian Angel" deceive you into ...
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What is Hypnosis?
Hypnosis is a daydream-like state. In this state, the person’s conscious mind becomes quiet or passive. The hypnotist introduces suggestions into the powerful subconscious mind. Let’s take a brief, slightly technical look at how the brain operates. ...
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Review of The Gilded Tarot
Summary: A spectacularly beautiful Tarot deck using modern digital art that is firmly based on the Rider-Waite-Smith model—making it easy to use for traditionalists and beginners, as well as a compliment for any book—yet significantly original so it ...
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Going to a Psychic Reader
NervouslNuy, you approach. "I’m a fool," you think. You know that psychics and readers are just a bunch of hokum. And yet. . . maybe . . . maybe . . . You’re not crazy, you know that. But there are so many problems in your life right now, and you ...
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General Hypnosis Technique
All hypnosis does is capture your natural going to sleep scenario, while keeping you awake, so you can give your subconscious mind beneficial suggestions. How does hypnosis do this? Since the conscious mind, or beta, does not do a very efficient ...
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What Is Hypnosis?
Exactly what is hypnosis, or more accurately, self-hypnosis? Self-hypnosis is a self-induced, altered state of mental consciousness that allows you to give constructive suggestions directly to your subconscious mind. More simply put, you cause ...
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I often hear people tell me that they ask for angelic guidance and they don't receive it. I believe the Angels are constantly speaking to us, but that we have to learn their language to understand what it is they are saying. Imagine for a minute that you are in Heaven and a loved one on earth is calling out to you for help. You rush to them with... read this article
The Hearth Witch in March
Four Ways Your Energy Animal Can Appear to You
Experience Tarot
The Top Five Country Superstars Who Soared Up The Supernatural Charts
How Money Flows at the Sacral and Heart Chakras

Most recent posts:
Are Spirits Detrimental to your Spiritual Path?
Readers, please enjoy this guest blog post by Aaron Leitch, author of several books, including Secrets of the Magickal Grimoires, The Angelical...

Tarot Court Cards for Beginners
Tarot Court Cards for Beginners Leeza Robertson helps us to really understand the court cards of tarot. So many of us say that the ranks of...

Angels: You Just Have to Believe!
Readers, please enjoy this guest blog post by Lucinda Gabriel, author of the new How to Talk to Angels. So many people go through life feeling...




Easy Tarot Easy Tarot
Learn to Read the Cards Once and For All!

By: Josephine Ellershaw, Ciro Marchetti
Price: $19.95 US,  $21.95 CAN
Journey of Souls Journey of Souls
Case Studies of Life Between Lives

By: Michael Newton
Price: $17.99 US,  $20.95 CAN
Your Psychic Self Your Psychic Self
A Quick and Easy Guide to Discovering Your Intuitive Talents

By: Melissa Alvarez
Price: $14.99 US,  $17.50 CAN
You Are a Medium You Are a Medium
Discover Your Natural Abilities to Communicate with the Other Side

By: Sherrie Dillard
Price: $16.99 US,  $19.50 CAN
Kitchen Table Tarot Kitchen Table Tarot
Pull Up a Chair, Shuffle the Cards, and Let's Talk Tarot

By: Melissa Cynova
Price: $16.99 US,  $19.50 CAN