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The Llewellyn Encyclopedia

Term: Pseudo-Random Numbers


Pseudo-Random Numbers:

In ESP testing, some experiments involve having a list of random numbers for a subject to guess. Often, such a list is developed on a computer. However, it’s difficult to progam for randomness, so usually the computer is given a complex mathematical calculation that results in a seemingly endless set of digits that do not have a pattern. Even though this is based on a formula and not truly random, such pseudo-random numbers, for all practical purposes, are unpredictable and effectively simulate a list of random numbers.


Review of the Samurai Tarot
Summary: A deck that delicately imitates the soft pastels of colored Ukiyo-e art in an attempt to shoehorn a brief look at Samurai concepts into the Western Tarot paradigm. The art must be appreciated as should be the dedication of the designer. ...
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The Renaissance of Herb Magic
Fortunately, the herbs didnít die out, and neither did much of the information. The great herbals by Theophrastus, Dioscorides, "Apuleius," Gerard, Coles and others preserved much herb magic, as did the works of Pliny, Agrippa, Porta and other early ...
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Readers familiar with the writings of Aleister Crowley will recognize the somewhat unusual spelling of the word "MAGICK." Crowley did this to distinguish Occult "Magick" from the "magic" of legerdemain, and also to separate the new Occult Magick ...
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Quartz Crystals
Why use quartz crystals? What is it about them above all other stones that makes them so special? Quartz crystals have been used since ancient times as powerful healing objects and meditation tools, and to make medicinal elixirs. Wise adepts have ...
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Psychic Self Defense
What is your chance of being psychically attacked at some point in your life? It is fairly high, the evidence suggests. That does not necessarily mean that you will be victimized in a dramatic, life-threatening way, but it is distinctly ...
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Review of Gothic Tarot of Vampires
Summary: Although this deck will obviously appeal to those who are interested in vampire culture, Interview with the Vampire, the Twilight series of books and the TV show True Blood, people uninterested in that mythos shouldnít dismiss this deck ...
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Review of Dark Angels Tarot
Summary: The angels who serve the creator are sent to earth to comfort the remaining humans. As they explore a dying world, they discover love and pain, strength and weakness. Through their experiences, we explore our hidden selves and find ...
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Review of The Blue Angel Oracle
Summary The Blue Angel Oracle blends science and spirituality, angels and fantasy. The deck of 45 cards presents a diverse and complex world, a fitting tool for exploring the depths of our own truths and the twists and turns of our lives. The text ...
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The word divination is based on a Latin word that means "the faculty of foreseeing." The word comes from the Latin word for "divine power," or "of the gods." This indicates that the true meaning of the word divination is "to make divine." Far from ...
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Magic Provides an Alternative Viewpoint
Where in the world is magic? It is not in science, which denies the reality and value of anything not amenable to the scientific method. It is not in religion. The Church has historically looked upon magic as devilish, and in modern times regards it ...
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Wheel of the Year Tarot Review
Summary The Wheel of the Year Tarot beautifully and cleverly incorporates the setting and sensibility of the seasons. The combined symbols of seasonal holidays and traditional tarot enhance each other, making for a very beautiful deck that is a ...
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A few years ago, my youngest son was arguing with his friend about the age of Honey, our wild golden retriever. His friend insisted that Honey was five, because the dog had been alive that many years. Said Gabe, "Sometimes Honey is really one, like when he chews our shoes; sometimes he's 89, like when he pretends he's too old to listen when you... read this article
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