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The Llewellyn Encyclopedia

Term: Experimental Method

DEFINITIONS

Experimental Method:

Derived from the practices of medieval alchemists, the experimental method is at the heart of Western science. It involves these steps:

  1. Through observation and research, an educated guess or hypothesis is made concerning the cause and action of the observation.
  2. The hypothesis is tested via more observation and the use of controlled experiments to determine its accurateness. If the hypothesis does not explain all of the observations, it needs to be changed. When the final hypothesis explains all data, the method moves to the next stage.
  3. The researcher calls on other experimenters to duplicate his or her work. Experiments to prove or disprove a hypothesis are not considered valid unless everything can be successfully reproduced. If others cannot duplicate the research, the original experimenters may return to the beginning and start over or abandon this completely. However, if the research is replicated and other researchers agree with the hypothesis, that hypothesis may be developed into a theory.
  4. Theories should be able to predict other observations and behaviors. If experiments by different people show that the theory is correct, and if the theory accurately predicts the observation and behavior of something based on discovery within the theory, that theory becomes a scientific law—until superseded by another theory that better explains all observations.

Thus, a theory in science does not mean one explanation out of many. Rather, it means the best and most complete explanation of all known data.

Also known as the "scientific method."




ARTICLES

Astral Outsourcing Procedure
Introduction. The purpose of astral outsourcing is to acquire new growth resources through astral plane interactions, often with the aid of discarnates and astral intelligences and guides.  Here is the procedure: Step 1. Outsourcing ...
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Milton Model Language Patterns
After discovering some basic techniques that allowed the founding of what became known as Neuro-Linguistic Programming, the founders spent time with and modeled the techniques of Dr. Milton Erickson. Eventually, they formulated a set of verbal ...
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Astral Healing and Rescue
Among the many positive elements of the out-of-body experience is the fact that it can be used—at least when the astral body is in the "heavy" state to help sick and suffering persons. Many such astral healing miracles are attributed, for instance, ...
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Magical Tattwa Cards
Summary: A unique deck of cards that unites the Eastern Tattwa symbols and the Western flashing colors. Great for broad, general divinations and for a wide variety of magical work. Especially good for Golden Dawn practitioners or for people ...
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Going Astral Surfing
Introduction. Astral Surfing is an advanced Out-of-Body program using highly flexible induction and management procedures. It emphasizes spontaneous out-of-body exploration of the cosmos in the absence of structured limits or specifically defined ...
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Introduction to Llewellyn’s Paranormal, Magical & Occult Encyclopedia
Many of the terms used in these subject areas do not actually describe "things" so much they do "functions." Similarly, a hand can be described as a fist, or an open palm, or a light hand or a heavy hand, and so forth—these describe functions of ...
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Ostara Ritual
Setup Items needed for this Ostara ritual include: Four green altar candles for the directions; Two lavender or purple altar candles for the Goddess and God; At least one cut flower for each participant in the group ritual. For solo ritual, have a ...
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Astral Projection Story #2 - Astral Escape
Stressful situations can cause people spontaneously to leave their bodies. The phrase "stressful situation" hardly begins to describe the plight of Ed Morrell, who as an inmate of a state penitentiary, was subjected to terrible tortures but who ...
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Meditation
Meditation is one of the most popular ways of relaxing and becoming more in tune with yourself, your God and your environment. Yet, there is more bad information about meditation than there is good. This is a shame, because it is such a valuable ...
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Magic
Magic is the science and art of causing change to occur in conformity with will, in a way that is not currently understood by modern science. Many people are fond of dividing magic up into specific categories such as "white magic" (beneficial, ...
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Baneful Herbs and Flying Ointments
One of the darkest chapters in the history of herbs has been in the traditional usages of "baneful" (poisonous) herbs. Such herbs, including henbane, hemlock, hellebore, mandrake and datura, were popular in Renaissance magic for inducing visions, ...
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In today's modern society, we are trapped by our day-to-day lives. Step by step, and from generation to generation, we are losing our primal intuition. No longer do most of us feel that type of intuition, that which takes over our actions to protect ourselves and what is ours. The comforts of our modern society do nothing to keep our internal,... read this article
13 Hidden Traditions of Mabon
Hoarding to Fill Emptiness: How to Tell if Spiritual Lack is Causing Clutter Accumulation
Amaterasu: The Brilliant Sun Goddess
Why You're Not Good at Tarot
Haunted Plantations of the South

Most recent posts:
The Ghosts of Lincoln
Readers, please enjoy this guest blog post by Adam Selzer, author of Your Neighborhood Gives Me the Creeps, Ghosts of Chicago, and the new Ghosts of...

Creating Spreads
Creating spreads is fun. Even when you don’t have a particular question, but you feel like playing with your cards, you can create a spread inspired...

Tarot Cards as Journal Prompts
Last month I was asked to write about how to use tarot cards as journaling prompts. Five years ago, I wrote an article with some journaling basics...




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