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The Llewellyn Encyclopedia

Term: control group

DEFINITIONS

Control Group:

A group of random people who are given a test, the results of which give a baseline range or “norms” as part of clinical experimental protocols. A subject would then be tested and the results of his or her tests would be compared to the norms.




ARTICLES

Neo-Druidism Since the 1700s
The last vestiges of the Filídhecht schools were stamped out in the 1600s as Elizabethan English conquered and destroyed most of Ireland’s remaining Gaelic culture. The "plantations" of Ulster, and the extension of the Pale beyond Leinster into ...
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Developing and Working with the Body of Light
After you have learned basic astral projection, the next step is for you to produce a Body of Light that can be used as your vehicle of consciousness on the inner planes. Unlike the basic training we adapted from Ophiel’s “Little ...
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Visuddha - The Throat Chakra
Element: Sound Color: Bright Blue Verb: I speak Attributes: Sound, vibration, communication, creativity Chakra 5 is located in the region of the neck and shoulders and is the center of communication and creativity. Its color is a bright turquoise ...
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Aleister Crowley
(Edward Alexander Crowley) English writer, occultist, Antichrist, and self-proclaimed messiah of the New Aeon, 1875-1947. Easily the most controversial figure in the recent history of Western occultism, Crowley was born into the Plymouth Brethren, a ...
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Lughnasadh Ritual
Setup Items needed for this ritual include: Six pieces of fruit, vegetables or a combination placed in a basket near the altar; Chalice; A wand or athame can be used to cast the circle; Honey mead or other honeyed drink such as chamomile tea; ...
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Crystal Power
Crystals have a history of capturing people's imaginations. The crystal structures are aesthetically pleasing as well as precise, implying an order to the universe thatis reassuring to the pattern-seeking human mind. But crystals are more ...
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Crowley's Gnostic Mass
The Gnostic Mass was written by Aleister Crowley while he was in Moscow in the year 1913. He had just been appointed the head of the British section of the O.T.O. He claimed that he was influenced by the Liturgy of St. Basil of the Russian Church. ...
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Initiation
The word has been given a variety of definitions over the years, everything from the pledging and hazing of college (and even high-school) students into fraternities and sororities to the admissions trials of secret societies, entry into occult and ...
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Louis Culling and the G∴B∴G∴
The G∴B∴G∴ stands for The Great Brotherhood of God. The promise of the Order was "A Shortcut to Initiation." That was the headline of a 1931 announcement appearing over a Chicago box office number. The founder of ...
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Lesser Banishing Ritual of the Pentagram
This ritual, called the LBRP for short, is designed to clear your area (and yourself) of negative energies. It is composed of four sections. The LBRP has become a standard part of the Western Mystical Tradition, and has been adapted and altered by ...
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Introduction to Enochian Tarot
The Magickal Universe is that portion of the universe that is invisible to our physical senses. It contains the inner worlds of the magician. The Enochian Tarot conforms with the structure of the Magickal Universe as taught by Enochian Magick, and ...
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In my new book, Stalking Shadows, I talk about some of my most interesting and creepy experiences both as a psychic medium and as a ghost hunter. That got me thinking: why is it that certain things and places spook a lot of people? Places such as basements, attics, abandoned buildings; dolls; clowns—the list is endless. One of the most obvious... read this article
Llewellyn's Classic Tarot
The Union Screaming House: The Haunting Continues...Long After the Doors Are Shut
365 Ways to Attract Good Luck
The Oracle of the Angels
Tarot: Group Dynamics Spread

Most recent posts:
Where Is the Creepiest Place You've Ever Been?
Readers, please enjoy this guest blog post by Debi Chestnut, author of How to Clear Your Home of Ghosts & Spirits, Is Your House Haunted?, and...

A Spread for Guidance
This spread, called Titania’s Dream, is from the Victorian Fairies Tarot companion book by Lunaea Weatherstone (art by Gary Lippincott). It was...

Part 2: Why Work with Demons?
Readers, please enjoy this guest blog post by Aaron Leitch, author of several books, including Secrets of the Magickal Grimoires, The Angelical...




Llewellyn's 2015 Astrological Calendar Llewellyn's 2015 Astrological Calendar
82nd Edition of the World's Best Known, Most Trusted Astrology Calendar

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Llewellyn's 2015 Daily Planetary Guide Llewellyn's 2015 Daily Planetary Guide
Complete Astrology At-A-Glance

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Llewellyn's 2015 Witches' Calendar Llewellyn's 2015 Witches' Calendar
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Conscious Living by the Cycles of the Moon

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