Subject: Ancient LanguageAcetabulus
Alchemical term for vinegar. May also mean sour wine.
Alchemical term for white vinegar.
Alchemical term for steel.
Alchemical term for red coral. Although it may seem odd to differentiate this type of coral, red coral is a substance that is associated with the planet Mars in ancient Tantric or Indian Astrology. Since some Tantric systems also involved alchemy, it may show that Western alchemy is linked to the systems of India.
Alchemical term for a needle.
Alchemical term for saltpeter.
Alchemical term for the foam of seawater.
Alchemical term for sour milk.
Alchemical term for fresh skim milk.
Alchemical term for mercury.
Alchemical term for water that has had a red-hot iron inserted into it.
A Native American word. In Lakota it means "hello" in Kiowa it means "thank you," and in Cherokee it is used at the end of a prayer similar to the use of "amen," often accompanied by "Mitakuye Oyasin." The use of this term has been adopted by some New Age groups and is said by a group following a statement by one person, indicating agreement. Some people follow this by using the Lakota expression Mitakuye Oyasin. This is used in many Lakota prayers and means, "We are all related." While some people eagerly use these Native American expressions, others consider them to be both artifical and a form of cultural appropriation.
An Irish word that means “dream” or “vision.” It relates to the concept of a poetic vision that gained popularity in Ireland in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. Although there are several variations in the way it is pronounced, the “s” is always pronounced “sh.” Thus, one pronunciation would be “ash-leen.”
One of the three parts of the soul according to ancient Egyptian belief. A person must have all three parts to live, and if one part died they all died. The Akh is the immortality of a person; the spirit. In Egyptian symbolism it was depicted as a bird or a flame of fire. In some transliterations of the Egyptian language, Akh is written as Akhu, Ikhu, or just Khu.
Although this means a "sharp-pointed stone," to alchemists this referred to aconite, a poisonous herb that grows on rocks.
According to some authorities, this refers to an oven used by alchemists. Other authorities of alchemical terms say this simply means charcoal.
Alchemical term for arsenic.
Alpha and Omega
First and last letters of the Greek alphabet; beginnings and endings.
Alchemical term for cinnabar, the bright red ore from which mercury is derived.
The Egyptian word for “life,” it is represented by a symbol of a cross where the top is a loop and the horizontal bar is shorter than the vertical bar. It was often seen being carried by the loop by Egyptian deities in ancient art. In Latin it is called the crux ansata, which means “cross with a handle.”
Alchemical term meaning "Gold of the Philosophers," a code for lead.
One of the three parts of the soul according to ancient Egyptian belief. A person must have all three parts to live, and if one part died they all died. The Ba is the individuality or specific personality of a person; the soul. In Egyptian symbolism it was depicted as a bird with the head of a human.
Basilides was a scholar of the 2nd century C.E. who knew the Hebrew and Christian scriptures as well as being knowledgeable in Egyptian and Greek thought. But he also received what was to become a secret tradition named after him, based on knowledge passed to him from an early interpreter of the Apostle Peter. Basilides wrote psalms, odes, and commentaries on the Gospels. He also wrote a gospel for his own sect, but very little of his writings have been preserved. His system seems to include aspects of Neoplatonism, Pauline Christianity, and Gnosticism. His sect, the Basilidians, included concepts that would today be called reincarnation, karma, and asceticism.
Followers of the teachings of Basilides.
Beithe Luis Nion
The old Irish name for the Tree Alphabet, similar to “A-B-C” being used today to refer to the English Alphabet.
And archaic term for the element sulfur.
Sanskrit name of the Moon.
Derived from early pictographic writing, cuneiform consists of wedge-shaped marks that, when placed together, form words. Cuneiform was written by pressing the ends of prepared reeds into soft clay tablets and cylinders. It was in wide use in Sumer, Babylon, and Assyria.
In the magickal workings of Dr. John Dee (1527-1608), astrologer to Queen Elizabeth I (and some also claim him to have been her spymaster), he made contact with certain angelic beings who used a language distinct from any other. Dee believed these beings to be the same angels that transported the Hebrew prophet, Enoch, to heaven, and hence the name for the language. Enochian words are sometimes called “barbarous” because their pronunciation is so evocative.
General name for the letters used in ancient Ogham, the Celtic tree alphabet.
(Pronounced “flayshk”) The Old Irish word used to describe the actual notches on stone, wood, etc., used when writing the Ogham alphabet.
The language of the Jews of the Middle East. Composed of twenty-two letters (with five letters having a dual form), Hebrew is the basis of both numerology and transpositional letter codes used in the Kabalah. Also a Jewish person.
Cursive writing of ancient Egypt, it developed at the same time as the familiar hieroglyphic writing. It was eventually replaced by the Demotic script (and even later by Greek), but was used by members of the priestly class into the third century c.e.
A form of Egyptian writing, in which the purely pictorial hieroglyphs are written (with ink) in streamlined forms to speed the act of recording information.
One of the three parts of the soul according to ancient Egyptian belief. A person must have all three parts to live, and if one part died they all died. The Ka is the astral double of a person, animal, or thing. It is physically and emotionally identical to the person and given to him or her at birth. In Egyptian symbolism it was depicted as a person with both arms raised or just two raised arms.
(l’yower) - Old Irish word for book.
The study of language and how it’s use impacts all persons involved in a communication.
As a result of archeology, there is ample evidence that there have been civilizations that began, became advanced, and then vanished, sometimes for no reason. As a result, people have wondered what those lost civilizations were like. Fueled by stories that seem to be part history and part myth, entire concepts of lost civilizations have been created.
In the Atlantic, partially based on the writings of Plato, it is believed there had once been an advanced civilization on an island or continent called Atlantis. In the South Pacific, there is a belief there was an advanced civilization known as Lemuria or Mu. There are also believed to be lost civilizations off the coast of Florida, and in various parts of the US and other places.
The search for such lost civilization is in part based on a desire to learn if they had a science different from, and more advanced in certain areas, than our current science. However, the dream of finding an ideal place with people who lived healthy, extremely long and peaceful lives seems to be at the heart of many a searcher. One such lost civilization is completely invented in the book Lost Horizon by James Hilton. The name of his lost civilization, Shangri-La, has become synonymous with such dreams.
The Gaulish-Brittonic language from which Cornish, Breton, and Welsh descend.
This term has multiple meanings. 1) Exoterically, this is a conventional locution for either the Garden of Eden or of the heavenly afterlife. 2) It is also a metonym [an attribute of something used to stand in for the thing itself] for the mystical experience 3) The consonants, PRDS] can be read as an acronym for four methods of Scriptural interpretation: Pashat (authoritative), Remez (allegorical or philosophic), Drash (homiletical or midrashic), and Sod (esoteric or mystical). It also carries the connotation of sacred study en toto.
The Goidelic or ancient Gaelic language from which Old Irish evolved and developed into Middle Irish, and then Modern Irish, Gaelic (Scots Gaelic) and Manx Gaelic. Irish calls "four" and "five" ceathair and cuig (ka-her and koo-eeg), Scots Gaelic calls them ceithair and coig (keh-her and koyk).
See Sephiroth. This is a transliteration—the way a word sounds in one language spelled out in another—of a Hebrew term. In the most common transliteration, the “th” is pronounced with a hard “t” followed by a short breath, not like the “th” in the English word “the” (phonetically, the “th” in “the” is called a “fricative”). This is not clear in the archaic “Sephiroth” spelling, leading many people, untrained in Hebrew, to end the word with the fricative, so it sounds (incorrectly) like "seh-fear-oath." The spelling “Sephiroht” makes the correct pronunciation, “seh-fear-oat,” more obvious.
Spelling a word from one language in a second language, according to the way the word sounds in its original language. Often this phonetic spelling does not follow commonly accepted patterns. For example, the Hebrew letter Vahv can sound like an English v, o, or u, even though it is usually shown in English as a v. Thus, the transliteration, depending upon the usage, may show the Vahv as a v, o, or u.
Alchemical term for tin.
Alchemical term for sugar.
Alchemical term for tragacanth gum.
Alchemical term for cinnabar.
Alchemical term for mercury.
Alchemical term for arsenic.
Alchemical term for gold.
Alchemical term for rhubarb.
Alchemical term for the mineral marcasite.