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The Llewellyn Encyclopedia

Term: Julian Calendar


Julian Calendar:

In ancient Rome, the calendar consisted of 12 months, lasting a total of 355 days with an additional month added during leap years. The figuring out of the exact days was quite confusing, and Julius Caesar introduced a reform that was adopted in the year 46 b.c.e. This Julian calendar had a year of 12 months lasting 365 days, with a single leap day added every 4 years. This simpler calendar became the most popularly used calendar in most of Europe, as well as in some other locations, including settlements in the Americas. 

Unfortunately, it was off by more than 10 minutes per year, and after hundreds of years, it was off by several days. This was corrected in 1582 c.e. when Pope Gregory XIII instituted the Gregorian calendar, which has become the most accepted calendar in the world (although it wasn't adopted in Greece until 1923). 


The earliest Indo-European measurement of time was by the moon, and this reveals the nature of the Celtic calendar. The Celts never deviated from lunar time measurement, as their Druids had preserved it from the Indo-European tradition. Luckily for ...
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Number Symbolism
[The following is a description of the meanings of numbers as used by Corinne Kenner.] Zero. Most of us think of zero as a starting point from which we count our way upóor down into negative numbers. Because zero seems to precede all of the other ...
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Wheel of the Year Tarot Review
Summary The Wheel of the Year Tarot beautifully and cleverly incorporates the setting and sensibility of the seasons. The combined symbols of seasonal holidays and traditional tarot enhance each other, making for a very beautiful deck that is a ...
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A few years ago, my youngest son was arguing with his friend about the age of Honey, our wild golden retriever. His friend insisted that Honey was five, because the dog had been alive that many years. Said Gabe, "Sometimes Honey is really one, like when he chews our shoes; sometimes he's 89, like when he pretends he's too old to listen when you... read this article
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