English version of the Hebrew Shloh-mo, Solomon was mythically the son of King David and who became the King of the united Israel from about 970 b.c.e to 931 b.c.e. (authorities differ on the exact dates). He was the final king before Israel split into two kingdoms, the northern Kingdom or Israel and the southern Kingdom of Judah. During his reign, the temporary home of God was converted into what has been called the First Temple in Jerusalem. He was known for having great riches and being very wise. Among practitioners of Islam he is considered a prophet and known as Sulayman.
Over the aeons, a great many legends concerning Solomon have evolved. Symbolism used in Masonry is based upon Solomon's building of the Temple. He became known as a great magician and exorcist. The style of magick attributed to him is called Solomonic.