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The Llewellyn Encyclopedia

Term: beelzebub



First mentioned in Second Kings from the Bible, it was derived from the name of a Philistine god Zebub. Ba’al was simply a title meaning “lord,” so Ba’al Zebub or Beelzebub was worshiped in the ancient city of Ekron, located about 22 miles west of modern-day Jerusalem. Literally meaning “Lord of the Flies,” this deity was said to control and send away metaphoric flies representing a patient’s illness. Hence, Beelzebub was a god of healing. In Jewish myth he became a prince of demons, and in the Testament of Solomon, was said to incite murder and war. In Christianity, Beelzebub became another name for the Devil or part of a complex demonology where he actually led a revolt against the Devil.


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A few years ago, my youngest son was arguing with his friend about the age of Honey, our wild golden retriever. His friend insisted that Honey was five, because the dog had been alive that many years. Said Gabe, "Sometimes Honey is really one, like when he chews our shoes; sometimes he's 89, like when he pretends he's too old to listen when you... read this article
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