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The Llewellyn Encyclopedia

Glossary for A

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z   #  


A A

See A∴A∴.




A Year and a Day
A length of time often used in Wiccan traditions. For example, a person may dedicate himself or herself to studying with a coven for this period. In some covens, and within some occult orders, a year and a day is the minimum length of time you’re required to spend in one degree before moving onto the next level. Some handfastings last for this period. It may be based on English law which states that if you harm someone, but they do not die from that action for a year and a day, you are not responsible for their death.


A'ANO'NIN

The Qliphothic Sentinel of Ayin, the 26th Path on the Tree of Life. His number is 237. His name should be uttered in the key of "A."




A. A.

See A∴A∴.




A. E. Waite
A member of the Golden Dawn, he broke it into pieces by demanding that they cease doing magick and that advancement in the Order not be due to knowledge and work but mere time in the Order. He wrote several books that were basically compilations from other sources with his comments. His writing style is not considered modern, and whatever wisdom he may have wished to share (suspect as some hold it to be) is often hidden beneath turgid prose.


A.·. A.·.
This is a special abbreviation for the name of a magical order, the Astrum Argentum (sometimes the words are reversed or spelled differently) which means “Silver Star” in Latin. The three dots that form a triangle after each “A” not only mean that there is something further that is hidden (that is, there is a spiritual abbreviation), but also form a Masonic symbol indicating that the order possesses the mysterious “Lost Word” of Masonry.
Also See: The Astrum Argentum


A.·. A.·.
(Argenteum Astrum, or Order of the Silver Star) A magical order founded in 1907 by Crowley after leaving the Golden Dawn. It was reputed to reflect Crowley’s bisexuality. See the website http://www.ordoaa.org/ for information and essential instructions for aspirants of the A.A.
Also See: The Astrum Argentum


aa

The Trumpeter of the Enochian Watchtower of Fire. He heralds the presence of the Great King in court. This name is intersected by the 38th Governor. By Gematria it equals 2.




aaetPio

The first of the Six Seniors found on the Enochian Watchtower of Fire, Martial in nature. This name is intersected by the 20th, 24th, 38th, and 41st Governors. By Gematria it equals 467, a Prime Number. 




Aalu
In ancient Egyptian tradition, a place of joy and peace after death. According to the tradition, if you were found unworthy, your soul would vanish into nothingness. If found worthy, you would enter Aalu (also spelled Aaru, Yaaru, etc.) a type of paradise where the gods lived.


Aaoxaif

The second of the Six Seniors found on the Enochian Watchtower of Air, Jupiterian in nature. This name is intersected by the 43rd, 45th, 53rd, and 56th Governors. By Gematria it equals 149, a Prime Number.




aapDoce

The fourth of the Six Seniors found on the Enochian Watchtower of Fire, Venusian in nature. This name is intersected by the 38th and 39th Governors. By Gematria it equals 181, a Prime Number. 




Aaronic Order
Group founded in 1942 by an excommunicated Mormon who believed he had contacted the angel Elias five years earlier.


AB

The first Gate of the Sepher Yetzirah. It has a value of three. There is an opposition in the meanings of the letters A, or the Hebrew aleph meaning ox and the B, or the Hebrew Bet meaning house as well as their respective Tarot correspondences of The Fool and The Magician. AB has the meanings of father, master, source, and ancestor. Astrologically this Gate corresponds to Air and Mercury, which brings to mind the elasticity of the god Mercury; however this is before he is sent on a mission (as the messenger of the gods), as when he is about to work then his nature is of Water.




Abacomancy
A method for predicting the future, similar to tea leaf reading, wherein you interpret patterns of dust.


Abaddon
One of the most famous of spirits, also known as a demon or evil angel. Abaddon has been equated with Appolyon (spelled variously) and, by some writers, as the Devil himself. Also used as a name for the place of the dead.


Abaiond

The 56th Enochian Governor. This Angel is believed to rule over the region of northwest France and Belgium, and resides in the Enochian Aire known as POP. He has 6732 Servitors. By Gematria, the word itself has a value of 138.




Abariel
One of the regents of the moon and often invoked in rituals involving emotions, fertility, childbirth, and female mysteries.


Abatwa
African little people, like leprechauns, but said to be only about two inches tall. Although obviously mythical, some believe that they may be based on the African bushmen who have a very short stature.


Abbey of Thelema

The name of a small commune dedicated to the practice of magick. It was formed in 1920 by Aleister Crowley and his "Scarlet Woman," Leah Hirsig (her magickal names was Alostrael) at Cefalù, a city in the province of Palermo on the northern coast of Sicily, Italy on the Tyrrhenian Sea. Other people, including his secretary, Israel Regardie, joined them there.

One of the people who came there, a young man named Raul Loveday, drank water from a nearby well. The well was contaminated and Crowley had warned people about it. Loveday died from the bad water, and it was falsely claimed that this was due to drinking the blood of a sacrificed cat. This drew the ire of authorities and they raided the place, claiming that an espresso machine was a device for making drugs. In 1923 they were expelled by Mussolini's government.




Abbot Mellitus

(?–624 c.e.) Sent to England to convert the people by Pope Gregory I (after whom we have the Gregorian Calendar and Gregorian Chant). Among Pagans today he is best known for receiving a letter from the Pope known as Epistola ad Melitum, which told him to integrate Pagan customs and sites into Christianity. 




Abbots Bromley Horn Dance
A form of English ritual dance usually performed in September. The horns used at Abbots Bromley Manor in Staffordshire, England, come from reindeer that died some time around 1065 c.e.


Abdiel
(Also spelled Abadiel) During the War in Heaven, Abdiel refused to rebel against God, and argued with Satan, saying that Satan had to be weaker than God as God had created him. According to John Milton’s Paradise Lost, Abdiel flew away, leaving Satan and his supporters behind. You should call on Abdiel in any matters concerning faith in yourself and faith in God.


Abductee

A person who believes he or she was abducted by extraterrestrials. Often, such a person does not have immediate recall of either the abduction or the events preceding, during, or immediately after the experience. The memories are triggered through chance events or during trancework such as hypnosis. Sometimes confused with contactees.




Abduscius
A little-known spirit whose major function seems to be uprooting large trees. If you cross his path, he would supposedly hit you with that tree.


Abhaya

A famous hand position (mudra) seen on many Tantric, Hindu, Buddhist, and even Christian statues. It is simply a hand (usually the right hand) raised to shoulder height with the palm forward and all fingers together, pointing up. While this hand position is often used in the West to mean "stop," Abhaya is a Sanskrit word meaning fearlessness, and is used on icons to represent the dispelling of fear. It source is the idea that "my hand is empty so you have nothing to fear," and is often used to indicate peace and friendship. As a symbol of fearlessness, it was traditionally the gesture made by Gautama (the Buddha) as soon as he gained enlightenment.




Abigor
A spirit evoked to help foretell the future, and who can provide military advice and even aid. Abigor has been described in different ways, including as a knight, a ghost, or riding on a winged horse.


Abjuration

A name for a banishing. To abjure.




Abjure

Literally "to swear away from," (from the Latin Ab, meaning "away from" and jurare, meaning "to swear"). To abjure means to banish or exorcize.




Ablanathanalba
A charm of the Gnostics, written in the form of a triangle with one point down. It was used to protect against the forces of evil. Although it doesn’t show well in English because the “th” was originally one letter, it is actually a palindrome, written the same way forward and backward. Traditionally, it would be written from ink derived from the dried acorn cups of the Valonia oak, a majestic, semi-evergreen (the leaves thin from October until January) native to the eastern side of the Mediterranean. It was written as follows on a piece of parchment: A B L A N A T H A N A L B A B L A N A T H A N A L B L A N A T H A N A L A N A T H A N A N A T H A N A T H A T H This is similar in design to the use of the more famous word of power, Abracadabra.


Ablution

Although commonly used to mean washing yourself or a ritual wishing, among alchemists it means to wash away what is impure through repeated cleansings, that reducing the matter you have to a pure state.




Abominable Snowman
See: Yeti.


Abracadabra

A traditional word of power, used by Western magicians from classical times to the present. Written in the falling way, it was used in talismans to cure fevers and asthma:

ABRACADABRA

ABRACADABR

ABRACADAB

ABRACADA

ABRACAD

ABRACA

ABRAC

ABRA

ABR

AB

A

In recent times, Abracadabra has mostly been used by stage magicians. English mage Aleister Crowley (1875-1947) altered the spelling to make it fit his new magical religion of Thelema, and in this new form the word has been much used in the Thelemite community. See also Abrahadabra.




Abracadabra
The spelling of the word was changed by Aleister Crowley to “Abrahadabra” to place the name Had, the second person of Crowley’s Thelemite trinity, at the center. Abracadabra is traditional outside the Thelemite community.


Abrahadabra
A rewriting of the famous magical word Abracadabra by Aleister Crowley. This places the name “Had,” a short form of the Egyptian Hadith that, according to some sources, represents Horus of Behedet, an area in Egypt. Hadith is the second person of the Thelemic trinity. Crowley believed it was the Word of the Aeon. One aspect of this is that it has eleven letters, thus linking the symbol of humanity, the pentagram (five identical letters) with the number of God, the hexagram, (six diverse letters). It therefore represents the Great Work of personal spiritual development.


Abrahadabra
Not to be confused with “Abracadabra.” Crowley declared Abrahadabra to be the “Word of the New Aeon” that would unite microcosm with macrocosm in the new phase of human evolution. In itself, the word is understood as a formula of sex magick performed within the Great Work.


Abrahamic Religions
Abrahamic religions trace their origins back to Abraham, who, according to tradition, gave birth to the Jewish and Muslim peoples. His story is featured in the Torah, Bible, and Koran. The Abrahamic religions include Judaism, Christianity and Islam, along with any religions related to or branching off from these three religions, such as Rastafarianism.


Abramelin
The name of an Egyptian magician cited in The Book of the Sacred Magic of Abramelin the Mage, a magical text translated by S. L. Mathers. The French manuscript was written in the eighteenth century, but it purports to be a translation from an original text in Hebrew, dating from 1458. The grimoire contains elaborate instructions in the form of a six-month program of purification and prayer, designed to lead the magician to higher states of consciousness in which "knowledge and conversation with the Holy Guardian Angel" is possible.


Abramelin Incense

A mixture of four parts olibanum, two parts storax, and one part lignum aloes. If the last ingredient is unavailable, then cedar, rose, or citron will suffice. These must be turned to fine powder. Although many sources give frankincense as another name for olibanum (and that's what you get when you buy it), they are actually two different species of the genus Boswellia in the Burseraceae family. Due to their similarity, however, either can be used. 




Abramelin Oil

The formula for this scented oil comes from The Book of the Sacred Magick of Abramelin the Mage and is mentioned in Crowley's The Book of the Law (Liber Al). It is made from eight parts cinnamon, four parts myrrh (described as being in the form of "tears"), two parts galangal, and seven parts olive oil.




Abraxas

A popular magical deity in the ancient world, Abraxas (also called Abrasax) was depicted on classical amulet gems as a humanlike figure with a rooster’s head and serpents for feet, wielding a charioteer’s whip. The letters of his name in Greek add up to 365, the number of days in a year, which marked him as a solar deity and a lord of time.

In modern times, Abraxas has achieved a new popularity by way of the writings of psychologist Carl Jung, who gave him a central place in his Gnostic work, The Seven Sermons to the Dead, and elsewhere in his writings.
Also See: Abrasax


Abreaction
A release of emotionally-charged material. This may happen during ritual or during hypnotic trance and can consist of levels ranging from extreme sadness and unhappiness to crying, all the way to violent convulsions.


Absent Healing
A technique by which a healer is able to help a person although that person is not present. Often described as the “sending of healing energy” to that person.
Also See: absint healingabsent heelingsending healing energyhealing energysending healing


Absent Sitter
A person not present at a séance, but for whom questions are asked at the séance.
Also See: absint sitter


Absolute
A term frequently used to mean God or "The Divine." It sometimes refers to something that is spiritually completed. That is, if you are totally involved in meditation, you are in "absolute meditation."


Absolute Zero

The coldest it can get at which most known physical activity ceases. 0°K on the Kelvin scale and as −273.15°C on the Celsius scale, and −459.67°F on the Fahrenheit scale. At temperatures very close to absolute zero, matter exhibits quantum effects such as superconductivity and superfluidity. The esoteric significance is that here energy still exists in matter sometimes called “Dark Matter,” and where Intentional Consciousness is still dynamic. 




Abuliel
One of several angels who specialize in carrying prayers to the Throne of God…can be invoked if you are sending a desperate prayer for help.


Abyss
The void between the supernal sephiroth and the lower sephiroth on the Tree of Life that separates the ideal and the real.


Abyss
A division on the Tree of Life separating the top three sephiroth from the rest of the Tree. A separation of the noumenal from the phenomenal, and the perceived separation between the upper, unmanifest, trinity of Kether, Chokmah and Binah, and the lower seven Sephiroth that are manifest. It is believed that only adepts can access those higher levels.


Acantha

A Greek spirit of the acanthus flower. She was once a nymph loved by Apollo the sun god. According to one myth, when she died Apollo transformed her into the sun loving acanthus plant. According to another myth she spurned him and scratched his face when he tried to rape her. In retribution he turned her into the plant. In yet another myth Acantha was a man who spurned Apollo’s advances and was turned into a nymph. Curiously, nymphs are associated with trees while the acanthus is a shrub or bush.




Acetabulus

An alchemical term for a small vessel. It either means a vessel that simply holds vinegar (acetum) or a small cup that holds as much as an eggshell.




Acetum

Alchemical term for vinegar. May also mean sour wine.




Acetum Amineum

Alchemical term for white vinegar.




Achaiah
An angel who helps people become more patient and accepting.


Achas B’Tay-ah
A form of Biblical interpretation and making codes. See Temurah.


Acheron

The name, meaning "River of Woe," of one of the five rivers in Greek mythology that surround Hades. The other four rivers are the Cocytus ("River of Wailing"), the Lethe ("River of Forgetfulness"), the Pyriphlegethon ("The Fiery River"), and the Styx ("The Hateful River").




Achilles Tendon

The fibrous tissue that connects the calf muscle to the heel. 




Achor

Name used by the Cyrenean Greeks for Beelzebub.




Achromancy
Another term for the high magickal arts.


Acies

Alchemical term for steel.




Acolyte
Generally considered someone following a particular spiritual path, it specifically means person who assists in a ritual.


Acolyte
(Magick – Ceremonial) “Morvan’s duty was to keep this brazier fed and at an even height temperature, also to serve him generally as an acolyte serves a priest. She had, however, a much more important part to play in the actual ritual, which was to fix her mind unwaveringly on the work, to do her best to make it fluid, so that in welding it with his as it were, he derived added strength. For this concentration of the will upon the object of the ritual there must be no means of distraction. Everything used must be with this object in view, so everything used brings to the brain of the Magus, the reason of the work. Therefore was Thur clad in the symbolically pure, clean white linen robe, signifying light, strength and purity, also this is important, bearing no color or pattern that could distract the mind of the wearer or his acolyte. For the same reason the girl was nude, this signified purity unsullied, and the natural magnetism in the human body could flow unhindered to the support of the Magus.” Pg 252 High Magic’s Aid, by "Scire" (Gerald Gardner), 1949, Michale Houghton, London


Acquisito
In geomantic divination, a figure of two dots above one dot above two dots above one dot. The word itself is Latin for “acquiring.” In a divination it means success or success is close, especially in matters of the physical plane.


Acsuo

Alchemical term for red coral. Although it may seem odd to differentiate this type of coral, red coral is a substance that is associated with the planet Mars in ancient Tantric or Indian Astrology. Since some Tantric systems also involved alchemy, it may show that Western alchemy is linked to the systems of India.




Actaeon
In Italian Witchcraft, the stag-horned God of the Forest.


Action Organ

An organ that is associated with a specific chakra and through which that chakra expresses itself physically. 




Activation of Consciousness

"Consciousness activation in the three lowest natural kingdoms is an unconscious and automatic process which gradually becomes a conscious one in the human kingdom. In higher kingdoms it is the result of self-initiated consciousness activity."

Laurency, H.T. The Knowledge of Reality, 1979, The Henry T. Laurency Publishing Foundation




Acupressure

A form of traditional Asian medicine, probably derived from Indian Ayurveda, that is based on the theory that balanced energy within the body produces health and a lack of balance produces illness. This energy flows through certain paths, called meridians, and that this energy can be enhanced or reduced to balance the overall energy through the application of pressure on certain points along the meridians. It differs from acupuncture in that insertion into the skin of fine needles is not used.




Acupuncture
Part of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), and dating back to at least 200-300 B.C.E., it involves inserting very fine needles into specific points of the body. The basic idea is that there are energy pathways in the body known as meridians, and that by stimulating certain points on the meridians with the needles, the body’s energy (qi, pronounced “chi”) can bring balance to the body. The points may also be stimulated with the fingertips, and modern practitioners also use electrical and even laser stimulation. There are also points that are not associated with the meridians. May be a version of the earlier ayurvedic techniques from the pre-Hindu culture of northwest India.


Acus

Alchemical term for a needle.




Acusta

Alchemical term for saltpeter.




Acutomancy
A divination technique that uses pins, needles, or other pointed objects. One method of their use involves tossing them onto a flat surface and interpreting their patterns. Another method has a symbol or letter placed on each object. They are mixed in a container and one at a time is selected and its symbol is interpreted.


Ad Lib
See Ad Libitum


Ad Libitum
Latin for “at one’s pleasure,” it means to make things up as you go. Once you know the basic concepts of rituals and magick, it is possible to make up parts of rituals “on the fly” rather than depending upon repeating memorized scripts or reading written instructions. Often shortened to “ad lib.”


Adam Kadmon
The human body projected upon the Tree of Life.


Adam Kadmon
The primordial man.


Adamastor
The spirit of the Cape of Good Hope. The Cape is an outcropping of land near the southernmost tip of Africa. Seeing the spirit is said to predict disaster for ships rounding the cape on the way to India. The former name of the Cape was the Cape of Storms.


Adarris

Alchemical term for the foam of seawater.




Adbertos
(Gaulish) - An offering or ritual in which something is given to the Deuoi.


Adder's Tongue

Code used in spells and recipes by Pagans, ancient doctors, alchemists, etc. going back to the Greek Magical Papyri. It means Dogstooth Violet or Plantain.





Adec

Alchemical term for sour milk.




Adelphon

A neuter term meaning brother or sister through affection rather than blood. In the occult Order of the Astral Star, an Adelphon is the title for members in the first degree. It is associated with the Fire of Earth in the Sephirah Malkuth (In the Golden Dawn's coloring, the russet colored quarter of Malkuth using the Queen Scale of color).




Adept
A person who is very skilled or proficient in a particular ability as in “When it comes to magick, he is an adept.” A description of such a person as in “He is adept at astrology.” In certain magickal orders, an adept is a person who has achieved a certain level of advancement in that group, sometimes using the original Latin form of the term, adeptus. In the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, there are two different grades, the Adeptus Minor and the Adeptus Major. Each has subgrades, such as the Neophyte Adeptus Minor.


Adept
Unfortunately, the term is used loosely and variously to mean either one who has reached a recognized higher grade in one of the initiatory orders, one who has made contact with their Holy Guardian Angel, one who has "crossed the Abyss," or for an advanced student. It is not a “grade” or “credentialed position” universally recognized like an academic degree. Beware of the self-annointed!


Adeptus Exemptus

Literally, the "Exempt Adept." In the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, a title given to people who have reached the 7° of the Order. Initially, the 5th and 6th degrees each had four sub-degrees. In many modern versions of the Golden Dawn, the sub-degrees are ignored and as a result of passing tests, members move directly from the 5th to the 6th, and 6th to the 7th.




Adeptus Major

Literally, the "Greater Adept." In the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, a title given to people who have reached the 6° of the Order. Initially, the 5th and 6th degrees each had four sub-degrees. In many modern versions of the Golden Dawn, the sub-degrees are ignored and as a result of passing tests, members move directly from the 5the to the 6the, and 6th to the 7th.




Adeptus Minor
“Lesser Adept,” the title of the lowest level of the second Order of the Golden Dawn. The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn was actually composed of three groups. The Outer Order, the Golden Dawn per se, was where students learned about magick and some of its very basic techniques. After going through all the degrees of this Outer Order, a student might be invited into the second or Inner Order, known as the Roseae Rubeae et Aureae Crucis (R.R. et A.C.). Here the student first starts practicing magick based on what they had learned. The first degree of this Order was known as Adeptus Minor. A person who has achieved any of the levels of Adeptus Minor (there were several sub-degrees) could do all of the magick of the system. The third Order was composed of non-physical beings.


Ader

Alchemical term for fresh skim milk.




Adi

(Sanskrit) literally “First” and “Sons of the Fire Mist,” an alternate name referring to the Upper Manifestal seventh plane up from the physical level.




Adibat

Alchemical term for mercury.




Adjure
A command made to stop another from doing something. In magick, most commonly used to order an evoked spirit not to do something harmful. The strength of an adjuration may be compounded by using a deity’s name.


Adnachiel
The angel of independence, who looks after anyone involved in pioneering or adventurous activities. He also looks after Sagittarians and the month of November.


Adonai
Pronounced “ah-dohn-eye,” a Hebrew word that literally means “my lord,” although frequently translated as “the lord” or simply “lord.” Among Jews, it is spoken as a replacement for the Tetragrammaton, the holy, four-letter name of God that should not be pronounced. Adonai is frequently used as a generic name for God among Jews. Another replacement is Hashem (pronounced “hah-shem”) which literally means “The Name.”


Adonai Ha-Aretz

Hebrew translated as "[My] Lord of the Earth." In the Kabalah, this is the god name associated with the tenth sephirah, Malkuth, and is associated with elemental Earth.




Ados

Alchemical term for water that has had a red-hot iron inserted into it.




Adramelech
Biblical character who murdered his father, an Assyrian king, while the king was worshiping an idol. Later he became associated with a demon of pride and stubbornness.


Adytum
Derived from a Greek term that means “not to be entered,” it is most commonly used today to mean the most holy part of a temple or a secret room into which unenlightened people were not allowed to enter. Paul Foster Case started a magickal order called the Builders of the Adytum. The order still exists and is known for its extensive mail-order lessons about the Tarot.


Aega

She was Helios, the Greek sun god’s daughter and, like her sisters Circe and Pasiphae, a hypnotically beautiful woman, so beautiful and dazzlingly bright that when the earthborn Titans attacked the gods of Olympus, the earth mother Gaea placed Aega in a cave to hide her shimmering beauty. There she became Zeus’ nurse and he eventually put her among the stars. In other myths she was a descendant of Hephaestus, a nymph, or a goat. Her name may mean “a gale of wind,” and her star is in the constellation Capella, the rise of which coincided with the stormy season.




Aeon of Horus
The third and current Thelemic Aeon, characterized as the Aeon of the child and promoting individuality. Also referred to as the New Aeon.


Aeon of Horus
Following the channeling of Liber Legis—(which see)—The Book of the Law—in 1904, Crowley believed he was to lead a new age, the Aeon of Horus replacing the older matriarchal Aeon of Isis and the patriarchal Aeon of Osiris. The Aeon of Horus is based on the magical union of male and female polarities, and replaces all repressive religious traditions. According to Kenneth Grant, the Aeon of Horus will be followed by that of Maat, the Egyptian goddess of truth and justice.


Aeon of Isis
The first Thelemic Aeon, characterized by material power and worship of the Earth.


Aeon of Osiris
The second Thelemic Aeon, characterized by paternal power and worship of gods of sacrifice, death, and resurrection (notably Osiris and Christ). Also referred to as the Old Aeon.


Aeromancy
Divination through observation of phenomena in the sky. Examples include the interpretation of the appearance of comets (death of a famous person), images of clouds (interpreted in a similar fashion as interpreting tea leaves), etc.


Aeromancy
Divination by observation of atmospheric phenomena—clouds, winds, storms, etc.—as well as sometimes related phenomena such as items carried by wind and rain including birds in flight. In response to a yes/no question, winds that rise and blow to the north or west are favorable, those to the east and south unfavorable. If no wind rises within nine minutes of the asking, no answer is available. Whirlwinds and dust devils are unfavorable answers. Also cloud gazing in answer to a question that involves perceiving images and symbols, and interpreting their seeming messages.


Aesch Metzareph
The name of a famous book on alchemy from the 17th century. It is a Hebrew expression meaning “purifying fire.”


Aesir
Name of one of the principle families or clans of gods described in the Northern mythos. The word Aesir has been translated as "pillar." Aesir is the plural form. The singular form is Ass.


Aethyr
A spiritual plane of initiation in the Enochian system of magick.


Aetiological Myths
See Etiological Myth.


Aetites
A stone that can supposedly be found in the nest of an eagle. Others say it can be found in an eagle’s neck or stomach. Magickally used to protect mother and child during birth. The stone has a smaller, inner stone, so it rattles. It’s also said to make you sober, bring wealth, victory and popularity.


Aett
Group of eight runes in a set order. Aett is the singular form and aettir is the plural form.


AFE Zone

The Anterior Fornix Erotic zone is an area in the vagina opposite the G-spot which is sexually highly responsive in many women.




Affirmations
As used in Self-Hypnosis, these are positive assertions of that which is desired as if it is already realized. This is vital to the involvement of the sub-conscious mind. Suggested reading: Self-Hypnosis for a Better Life by William W. Hewitt (Llewellyn Publications) and Self-Empowerment Through Self-Hypnosis by Carl Llewellyn Weschcke and Joe H. Slate (Llewellyn Publications)


Affirmations

An affirmation should be carefully planned, and written in very concise form. When spoken, aloud or silently, believe it and feel it – adding emotion to give it energy. An affirmation is communication with the subconscious, stating your particular goals. The most effective use of affirmations is to change your “Belief System” (which see) that filters incoming information.




Afflicted

In Astrology, an archaic term still used by some astrologers to describe a planet that has challenging aspects (such as squares, oppositions, and quincunxes) linked to it.




Africa

The second-largest continent, Africa has a wide variety of lands, flora and fauna, and people. The population lives in everything from vast, modern cities to very primitive conditions. Composed of 53 independent countries, many scientists believe the human race began here.

At its northeastern point is Egypt. Its capitol, Cairo, is the content’s most populous city with a population of over 9.2 million. Egyptian culture goes back thousands of years and heavily influenced Judaism (founded circa 2000 BCE) and, to a lesser extent, Christianity. Its amazing, advanced civilization so long ago fascinated occultists, especially those of the late 19th century such as members of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, AMORC, and Aleister Crowley, and they adopted what they believed were Egyptian concepts and rituals.

Africans came to the American colonies, probably as indentured servants (agreeing to work for a certain period in exchange for passage, room, and board), but by the early 18th century, this evolved into true slavery and existed until the end of the American Civil War in 1865. During this period, millions were transported by force from West Africa. Initially, they were forbidden religion, but they secretly kept their own religions that were marked by a Supreme Being and creator, lesser spiritual entities, and the ability to appeal to them for help. Later, they were indoctrinated into Christianity, but many blended their own faiths with the Christian, equating spiritual powers with Christian saints.

This blended system is the source of such faiths as Voudou (spelled in a variety of ways), Santeria, Hoodoo, Palo Mayombe, Umbanda, Candomble, and others. Because the slaves often stopped off or ended in Haiti, Cuba, etc., these magic-religious faiths are also known as Afro-Caribbean religions.


Also See: African


African
Person, object, or concepts that come from Africa.
Also See: Africa


African American Tarot
The African American Tarot is a Tarot deck focusing on the common origin of African American culture, history, art, and mythology.


Afterlife
Term used by some believers in reincarnation to describe the period of the soul’s or spirit’s existence after the physical death of the body but before reincarnation into a new physical body. There are many theories as to what happens during this period ranging from quiet, rest, and recovery to training in preparation for the next physical incarnation. In some instances the spirit may try to manifest on the physical plane, resulting in their appearance as ghosts.


Afterlife Actualization

During the life between lives we are progressively empowered to use past life experiences as critical growth resources to accelerate our evolution through next life planning.




Afterworld
A term used by some to describe the area, plane, world, etc. where a person’s spirit or soul goes after that person dies.


Agalmatomancy
A form of divination using small statues or idols. These were often on altars or attached to walls. It was believed that these household deities could speak to you and give advice.


Agares
A well-known spirit described in several grimoires. In the Goetia Agares is primarily known for teaching languages and causing earthquakes. Agares will also cause people to start dancing. The spirit can help stop runaways.


Agate

A type of silica, primarily chalcedony, known for their bright colors and clear layers that appear to be lines. Magically, it is a stone of strength and protection. It is believed to strengthen the intellect. It can also be used to cleanse and stabilize the aura and supposedly can bring invisibility.




Agathodemon
To the Egyptians, an agathodemon was a positive spirit with the head of a man and the body of a snake. The ancient Greeks believed they brought good fortune and health. They protected fields and vineyards, so drinking a glass of wine after meals honored them. They are the opposite of cacodemons.


Age of Aquarius
Due to the astrophysical process known as the precession of the equinoxes, the exact date of the equinoxes slowly moves backwards through the zodiac. As the equinox enters a different sign it is considered a new "age." Because of the vast distances, there is no hard and fast date between the last and next age. Depending upon the astrologer, the date of the beginning of the Aquarian Age ranges from between 1904 and 2680.


Age Progression
While in a hypnotic trance, the process of taking a person into an imagined version of a potential future. Used for helping to set goals and in overcoming some fears.


Age Progression

Hypnotic age progression is an innovative approach that has demonstrated unusual effectiveness in identifying future events of both personal and global significance. The program uses self-hypnosis to induce the trance state during which awareness flows with ease along the time continuum until it is arrested either voluntarily or spontaneously to engage areas that command special attention. This approach is especially effective in identifying future happenings that can be either prevented or minimized through appropriate intervention measures. Crises related to business and personal concerns are particularly receptive to this approach. Note: This approach requires specialized training in self-hypnosis, and should be practiced only under appropriately controlled condition.

See Self-Empowerment Through Self-Hypnosis by Carl Llewellyn Weschcke and Joe H. Slate, Llewellyn Publications (2010).




Age Regression
A technique where a client, while in hypnosis, goes back to an experience or event that occurred earlier in their life.


Age Regression

A hypnotic state in which the subject experiences past events that occurred in the present lifetime.




Agent
A person who unintentionally causes unusual physical phenomenon described as poltergeist activity. The person may be shocked to know he or she is the source of the phenomena. Most often the agent is a girl going through puberty, although it may be a boy.


Agent
A person on whom a haunting seems to be centered.


Aghora

Aghora means without fear. The term refers to a Tantric sect that engages in extreme practices. Aghoris embrace that which most of society would find intolerable. 




AGLA
Famous as part of the Lesser Banishing Ritual of the Pentagram, AGLA is actually an acronym for Ah-tah Gee-boor Lih-oh-lam Ah-doh-nye or “Thou art great forever, my Lord.”


Agni

The name of the ancient God of fire found in spiritual traditions from India.




Agwe

The Voodoo Loa of the ocean, he protects all sea life as well as ships and boats. He is invoked using titles such as “Tadpole of the Pond” or “Shell of the Sea,” and is a protector of sailors and seafarers. His symbols include brightly colored oars and shells, and even small metallic fish. Specific rituals to him are typically performed near seas, rivers, or lakes, and you should have wet sponges and towels prepared for him for when he leaves the water. It is challenging for him to deal with the heat. In other rituals, he is called with the use of a conch trumpet.

Agwe is typically described as being a light-skinned mulatto with green eyes. He is one of the many lovers of Erzulie.




Ahankara
A Sanskrit term meaning the individual consciousness or ego, as opposed to the aspect of self that is linked to the divine.


Ahevah

Transliteration of the Hebrew word for "love." Sometimes transliterated as ahavah. Via Gematria, a form of Kabalistic numerology, it equals 13, also the numeration of the Hebrew letters in the word for "one." As the Kabalah holds there is only one deity, the number one represents God, and since the numeration of the letters in the word equal the numeration of those in "ahevah," this is taken to prove that God is love.




Ahimsa

(Sanskrit) “Non-killing.” The Hindu doctrine of non-violence and non-injury, whether by act or word or thought. Hence, no negative Karma.




Aho

A Native American word. In Lakota it means "hello" in Kiowa it means "thank you," and in Cherokee it is used at the end of a prayer similar to the use of "amen," often accompanied by "Mitakuye Oyasin." The use of this term has been adopted by some New Age groups and is said by a group following a statement by one person, indicating agreement. Some people follow this by using the Lakota expression Mitakuye Oyasin. This is used in many Lakota prayers and means, "We are all related." While some people eagerly use these Native American expressions, others consider them to be both artifical and a form of cultural appropriation.




Ahssiah
The fourth of the Four Kabalistic Worlds in descending order. It is the World of Action.


Aik Bekar

A Kabalistic method of Biblical interpretation and system for making codes. See Temurah.




Aikido

Aikido is a martial art that relies on harmonious movements and minimal muscular effort to resolve conflicts.




Ailm

The 16th letter of the Ogham tree alphabet, representing the letter A and meaning "fir."

Fir trees signify a higher, more powerful perspective. Consequently, Ailm gives insight and the potential for great wisdom. It is an indication that you are progressing and will shortly be able to see ahead much more clearly than before.




Ain
(Kabbalah – Tree of Life) “Nothing.” It is the outermost of the three veils of negative existence above the Tree of Life.


Ain Soph
Without Limit. A description of the ultimate, unknowable divinity.


Ain Soph
"(Kabbalah – Tree of Life) Limitless.” The middle of the three veils of negative existence.


Ain Soph Aur
“(Kabbalah – Tree of Life) Limitless Light.” The innermost of the three veils of negative existence preceding Kether.


Air
One of the four creative elements in magick. It is commonly associated with mental activity and is considered masculine in nature. In an occult sense, “masculine” refers to the characteristics of specific types of energy rather than to gender.


Air Dagger
In the system of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, a symbolically decorated dagger. It is used by an adept to direct elemental air energy.


Air Signs
The “thinkers” of the Zodiac: Gemini, Libra, and Aquarius.


Aisling
An Irish word that means “dream” or “vision.” It relates to the concept of a poetic vision that gained popularity in Ireland in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. Although there are several variations in the way it is pronounced, the “s” is always pronounced “sh.” Thus, one pronunciation would be “ash-leen.”


Aiwass
The entity who communicated the Book of the Law to Aleister Crowley.


Aiwass
The name of Aleister Crowley’s Holy Guardian Angel. Crowley spent many years trying to determine if Aiwass was merely his higher self or was, in fact, a non-physical being.


Ajna
Unlimited power. Forehead chakra located between the eyebrows. This chakra is associated with insight, perception, and intuition and is seeded and activated during Reiki One and Two attunements, respectively.


Ajna

(Sanskrit) “Command Center.” Primarily known the “Brow Chakra”.




Aka
A concept within the Hawaiian Huna tradition. Aka is a sticky and elastic substance that, like the Western concept of ectoplasm, can stretch without breaking. In Huna, people are said to have three bodies. Each of these bodies has an etheric or “shadow” body. The shadow body is made of Aka. Aka threads or cords are the means by which all energy (mana) and information travel. The more you communicate with someone, the more your Aka threads intertwine.


Akasha
Pronounced "ah-kash." Sanskrit word that has been adopted in the West as the name for the fifth magical element. It means aether or spirit.


Akasha

(Sanskrit) See Spirit. The fifth element of Spirit or Ether, one of the five tattvas or elemental forces—the others beingAir, Fire, Water, and Earth, which are derived from Spirit. It is symbolized by an indigo egg shape, and is associated with Vishudda, the throat chakra. It manifests as sound, but is not sound. It is all-pervading Space without dimension. Compare to the alchemical “Quintessence.”

Suggested Reading: A Chakra & Kundalini Workbook, by Dr. Jonn Mumford.




Akashic Record
Stored-up cosmic memory. A level of time-consciousness within the astral plane that contains all the past events, thoughts, images, and activities of humanity from the beginning of time. This "chronicle of the world" can be accessed by the mystic and the magician.


Akashic Records
A recording of all events that have ever occurred and said to be stored in a spiritual substance, Akasha, that surrounds the earth.
Also See: acashaakacha


Akashic Records
The collective unconscious is a kind of group mind that is inherited from all our ancestors and includes all the memories and knowledge acquired by humans and sometimes is called "the Akashic Records." It is believed to exist on the higher astral and lower mental planes and to be accessible by the super consciousness through the subconscious mind in deep trance states induced through hypnosis, self-hypnosis, meditation and guided meditation It is a function of the Astral Light to retain all that has ever happened in thought and deed; hence the Akashic Records are the enduring records of everything that has ever happened and the repository of all knowledge and wisdom, and the files of every personal memory. Being able to call up infinite information and integrate it into your present life needs is of enormous benefit—similar to but beyond the capacity of any present-day Internet Search Engine. Suggested reading: The Subtle Body: An Encyclopedia of Your Energetic Anatomy by Cyndi Dale
Also See: acashaakacha


Akasic Magnetism

A term used in Theosophy. It is believed that magnetism and electricity are derived from the universal energy, Akasha (they spell it without the "h"). However, there is the "small" magnetism (for example, that which is around people) and the greater, or Akasic, magnetism, such as that of the Earth.

Magnetism can be used to create electricity. In fact, it is constantly doing so at various levels. Ultimately, changes in magnetism and electricity on the physical plane are the results of changes in them on the more cosmic plane, all of which leads back to the cause of changes in the magnetic and electric fields as having a source in changes of Akas(h)a.




Akh
One of the three parts of the soul according to ancient Egyptian belief. A person must have all three parts to live, and if one part died they all died. The Akh is the immortality of a person; the spirit. In Egyptian symbolism it was depicted as a bird or a flame of fire. In some transliterations of the Egyptian language, Akh is written as Akhu, Ikhu, or just Khu.
Also See: AkhuIkhuKhu


Akiba

Akiba (or Akiva) ben Joseph Talmudic Sage, Biblical exegete and mystic (1st–2nd Century). [Rabbi Akiba] is arguably the most celebrated figure in the Talmud. [In a famous Kabalistic story, he] was the only one of four sages who entered pardes and returned unscathed. His prayers were credited with ending a drought. He encountered a ghost and subsequently exorcised it by teaching the dead man’s son the daily liturgy; this is credited by some with establishing the tradition of reciting Kaddish [memorial prayer for the dead].




Akon

Although this means a "sharp-pointed stone," to alchemists this referred to aconite, a poisonous herb that grows on rocks.




Akriel
An angel who helps people who have problems with infertility. These include conception, sterility, and lack of libido.


Al Awwa
The 11th Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to part of the constellation Virgo.
Influence: Creates harmony between lovers
Spirit: Neciel


Al Baldah
The 19th Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to part of the constellation Sagittarius.
Influence: Causes misfortune for enemies
Spirit: Amutiel


Al Batn Al Hut
The 26th Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to part of the constellation Andromeda.
Influence: Aids the fisher
Spirit: Tagriel


Al Butain
The 28th Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to part of the constellation Aries. Influence: Aids in reconciliation Spirit: Amnixiel


Al Dabaran
The second Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to part of the constellation Taurus. Note similarlity to the star name, Aldebaran.
Influence: Ill will, separation, revenge
Spirit: Enediel


Al Dhira
The fifth Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to part of the constellation Gemini.
Influence: Secures material desires
Spirit: Gabriel


Al Farch Al Mukdim
The 24th Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to part of the constellation Pegasus.
Influences love and favor.
Spirit: Abrinael


Al Fargh Al Thani
The 25th Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to parts of the constellations Pegasus and Andromeda.
Influence: Fouls liquids
Spirit: Aziel


Al Ghafr
The 13th Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to part of the constellation Virgo.
Influences friendship and good will
Spirit: Fazeriel


Al Hak'ah
The third Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to the constellation Orion.
Influence: Favor with authority
Spirit: Anixiel


Al Han'ah
The fourth Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to part of the constellation Gemini.
Influence: Secures love
Spirit: Azariel


Al Jabhah
The eighth Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to part of the constellation Leo.
Influence: Aids in childbirth and healing
Spirit: Amnediel


Al Jubana
The 14th Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to the constellation Libra.
Influence:Material increase
Spirit: Ergediel


Al Kalb
The 16th Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to part of the constellation Scorpio.
Influence: Aids against poisons
Spirit: Azeruel


Al Na'am
The 18th Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to part of the constellation Sagittarius.
Influence: Aids the hunter
Spirit: Egibiel


Al Nathrah
The sixth Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to the constellation Cancer.
Influence: Aids in battle
Spirit: Dirachiel


Al Sa'd Al Ahbiyah
The 23rd Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to part of the constellation Aquarius.
Influence: Aids the harvest, and plants in general
Spirit: Requiel


Al Sa'd Al Bula
The 21st Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to part of the constellation Aquarius.
Influences destruction and decline
Spirit: Bethnael


Al Sa'd Al Dhabih
The 20th Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to the constellation Capricorn.
Influence: Aids the fugitive
Spirit: Kyriel


Al Sa'd Al Su'ud
The 22nd Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to part of the constellation Aquarius.
Influence: Aids fertility in animals
Spirit: Geliel


Al Sarfah
The tenth Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to part of the constellation Leo.
Influence: Causes disharmony between lovers
Spirit: Ardefiel


Al Sharatain
The 27th Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to part of the constellation Aries.
Influence: Aids in the destruction of enemies
Spirit: Atheniel


Al Shaulah
The 17th Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to part of the constellation Scorpio.
Influence: Aids childbirth
Spirit: Adriel


Al Simak
The twelfth Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to part of the constellation Virgo.
Influences divorce and separation
Spirit: Abdizuel


Al Tarf
The seventh Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to part of the constellation Leo. Spirit: Scheliel


Al Thurayya
The first Mansion of the Moon, beginning at the Pleiades and corresponding to part of the constellation Taurus.
Influence: Good fortune
Spirit: Geniel


Al Zubrah
The ninth Mansion of the Moon, corresponding to part of the constellation Leo.
Influence: Causes fear or reverence
Spirit: Barbiel


Alahic

According to some authorities, this refers to an oven used by alchemists. Other authorities of alchemical terms say this simply means charcoal.




Alastor

A Greek word meaning avenger, it was used as a title of Zeus in His role as the avenger of evil deeds, especially killings within a family. Later, the name was given to any spiritual entity that would punish wrongful human behavior. Still later, it became an insult similar to the concept of a scoundrel. In Christian terms, Alastor was a generic name for certain evil spirits, and specifically for a possessing spirit. Some have referred to it as the “evil genius of a house.”




Alaya
A Sanskrit meaning not capable of being dissolved. To Theosophists, this relates to the universal soul, the basis of all things.


Albaras

Alchemical term for arsenic.




Albatross

A large sea bird with some species having a wingspan of up to twelve feet. Although being one of the largest birds of the sea, they are remarkable for their flying prowess. Their ability to fly great distances is due to their strength and their use of various types of soaring. It is believed that if it flies around a ship at sea for a long time there will be bad weather. If an albatross is killed, it is said to bring bad luck. Samuel Taylor Coleridge turned this into the famous poem, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner.

 




Alberich

A dwarf, sometimes called the King of the Dwarves, found in Old High German myths. In French he is called Oberon.




Alchemist
Name for any person who practices alchemy.


Alchemy
The word alchemy is an Arabic term comprised of the article "al" and the noun "khemi.” The later word relates to "Khem" the Coptic name of Egypt. Alchemy thus means, "that which pertains to Egypt.” Thus the words alchemy and chemistry are a reminder of the scientific legacy of Egypt. Another possible origin of the word is the Greek "cheo" which means "I pour" or "I cast"—a word often used in reference to the ancient Greek metalworkers who used many alchemical formulae. Together, alchemy and astrology are two of the oldest sciences known to humanity. The specialized fields of herbalism, mineralogy, natural science, chemistry, pharmacology, and medicine all evolved from the mother science known as alchemy.


Alchemy
Alchemy is the art and science of transformation. This is not an easily understood art, because the primal medium of alchemical expression is through the use of allegory and mythological symbols, which can be interpreted simultaneously both at a material and a spiritual level. The primary goal of alchemy is to bring all things, including humanity to its pre-ordained state of perfection. To that end, the alchemical theory states that eternal wisdom remains latent, dormant and obscure in humanity so long as a mundane state of ignorance and superficiality exists. The objective of alchemy is the uncovering of this inner wisdom, and the removal of the veils and obstacles between the mind and its intrinsically pure divine source.


Alchemy

The art and science of creating medicines from plants and minerals for healing physical and psychic diseases, thereby restoring the alchemist to a state of perfect harmony. These medicines can be either liquid, such as the Elixir of Life, or solid, such as the Philosopher’s Stone. Alchemy is also known as the Royal Art.




Alchemy
The alchemy of the occultist and of sex magick is the transformation of the "baser" self into the "gold" of the higher self. The procedures, tools and materials of the physical alchemist become symbols for the psychological and magickal operations of the occult alchemist.


Alchemy 1977 England Tarot


Alecto

One of the three Greek Erinyes or Furies along with Megaera and Tisiphone. She is the Greek goddess of war and death. She was the daughter of Gaea impregnated by the blood (?) of Uranus resulting from Cronus’ castration of Uranus.




Alectromancy

A form of divination. A circle of letters of the alphabet is spread out and a chicken is placed in the center. A question is asked and the bird indicates letters that form words and reveal the answers.




Alectrona

An early Greek goddess, daughter of Helios the sun, and Rhode. She was worshipped as a heroine on the island of Rhodes.




Alectryomancy
Divination by having a rooster strategically peck grains of food placed on letters of the alphabet.


Alectryomancy
Divination with roosters. A circle is created of small pieces of paper each marked with an alphabet letter. A kernel of corn is place on top of each letter. A white rooster is placed in the center of the circle and those letters from which the rooster pecks the corn are believed to form a message.


Aleister Crowley
Born Edward Alexander Crowley, he was a remarkable poet, writer, mountain climber, and occultist. His strong positions on magick (his spelling), including the use of sexuality in magick, have made him highly controversial. He “received” (what today might be called “channeled”) a short text, The Book of the Law, in 1904, and modified the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn’s magical system to fit this revelation. It also became a religious system. Followers of this system are called Thelemites.
Also See: CrowleyEdward Alexander Crowley


Aleph
The first letter of the Hebrew alphabet. Represents the number 1. The first of the three "mother letters." A Hebrew word meaning "ox." Corresponds to the element of Air, the 11th Path (between Kether and Chokmah), and Tarot trump The Fool.
Also See: AlifAlef


Aleuromancy
Divination by flower or baked goods, like fortune cookies.


Aleuromancy
Divination using flour dough. Words and sentences are written on small pieces of paper and rolled up in dough balls. Carefully mix up the dough balls nine times, and then choose one to open and read the future. The probable origin of the fortune cookie.


Alex Sanders
Born in 1916 and died in 1988, Sanders became an important figure in the rebirth of Witchcraft during the last quarter of the twentieth century. This was due to a popular book written about him, King of the Witches by June Johns, and his frequent appearances in the popular media. His claim to being initiated into Witchcraft by his grandmother is still considered controversial, and some would say that his style of Witchcraft, known as “Alexandrian” (a clever play of words on his name) seems to be a combination of the system of Gerald Gardner (“Gardnerian Witchcraft”) and ceremonial magick. He began to introduce more of the idea of trance into Witchcraft, but it was later Pagans who followed in this path. He is survived by his wife, Maxine who, on occasion, still gives lectures.
Also See: SandersSanders, Alex


Alexandrian
Alexandrian Tradition is a Wiccan sect founded in the 1960s by the British Witch Alex Sanders and his wife Maxine. Alexandrian covens focus strongly upon training in the area of ceremonial magick.


Algard
In the early days of Wicca, there were two major traditions: Gardnerian (formed by Gerald Gardner) and Alexandrian (formed by Alex Sanders). In 1972, a woman named Mary Nesnick—who was a High Priestess in both traditions—blended the two into one tradition known as Algard.


Algiz

The 15th rune of the Elder Futhark, representing the letter z.

The primary meaning of the Algiz rune is protection. The sign itself looks like a splayed hand, and is reminiscent of Tyr's hand which he sacrificed in order to bind Fenris the wolf.


Also See: Eolh


Alien Abduction
An experience, usually unexpected or unwanted, of being kidnapped by alien beings. Often the experience has been repressed and is only recovered during hypnosis. This is different from the contactee experience where persons consciously desire communication with aliens and often stay in contact with supposed aliens.


Alien Forces
(Magick – Ceremonial) Are there such things? Are not all forces and beings part of a single and Divine Cosmos? Presumably, we have to say yes to that, but we also recognize that at different circumstances and times there are negative options. A snake bite can be poisonous. Even your pet cat can bite you and cause a severe, life-threatening infection. In the context of magick, we are excluding from the Circle anything alien or unfriendly to the intent of the operation. Note the instructions in the GBG Curriculum that the magician is to pace three times around the Circle while holding the concentrated thought that the circle is encompassing all good magick forces and is excluding all distractions and whatever alien forces. Circumscribing the Circle three times is traditional. Holding a “concentrated thought” is another way to state our “intention” to exclude unwanted influences. Important to this concept is to believe in the effect, and to have no fears or visions of frightful spirits or nasty forces trying to enter the Circle. In magick, as in any psychological practice, always keep the emphasis on the positive as already reality and avoid any thought of the negative while doing the operation. This practice of exclusion also applies to thoughts and fantasies and day dreams that are common indulgences. Especially in group working, members not active at a given moment sometimes do "drift off" and that interferes with the purity of the magickal atmosphere inside the Circle.


Aliens

Generally associated with UFOs, semi-humanoid beings claiming to originate on other planets or other dimensions. Most contacts with these beings involve telepathic communication and some have included abductions and transportation to space ships were surgical operations have implanted devices, and others have included sexual contact. Some believe aliens are spirits and that alien encounters are psychic in nature. Suggested Reading: The Gaia Project by Hwee-Yong Jang (Llewellyn Publications) and Interdimensional Universe by Philip J. Imbrogno (Llewellyn Publications)




Alignment
The process of harmonizing two or more things. Thus, a person might align himself or herself with a deity, a planet, etc


All Father
A popular term used by many Pagans as a title for the male aspect of Divinity.


All Hallow's Eve
Another name for Samhain or Halloween.


All Heal
A name given to mistletoe by druids due to the many medical properties of that herb. Warning: DO NOT use mistletoe without training, as it is toxic. Do not let your pets eat it.


All Mother
A popular term used by many Pagans as a title for the female aspect of Divinity.


All-Seeing Eye

The image of an eye in a triangle, often with the indication or expanding rays of light or a “glory” around it. Its original source was the Egyptian image of the Eye of Horus. In Medieval times, the surrounding triangle was added, with Christians saying this represented the Trinity. Mystically, it has become associated with Freemasonry as early as 1797, symbolic of the Great Architect of the Universe who is believed to observe the thoughts and deeds of the Mason. Fifteen years earlier, it was adopted as part of the symbolism on the reverse of the Great Seal of the United States. This implies that a Masonic influence on the Seal was unlikely.




Allegory
A descriptive story that includes symbolic or hidden meaning, used for imparting ideas and principles.


Allfather

A description of Odin, who is considered the father of all, both gods and men.




Almadel
One of the books of The Lesser Key of Solomon.


Almadel
General term for a talisman made from pure, white wax, and inscribed with various names and symbols.


Aln
An archaic name for a particular length: from the elbow to the tip of the fingers. Used in Sweden.


Alomancy
Divination by throwing salt.


Alomancy
Divination with salt or dry sand. Pour the salt or sand into a square or rectangular tray to a depth of about three inches. Hold a pencil loosely in your hand, with the point at the center of the substance. Relax, close your eyes, and state your question. Let your hand move of its own accord until it stops—and no longer than three minutes. Open your eyes and look for symbols or letters among the markings. Some common examples: “Y” for yes; “N” for no; “P” for perhaps; “X” for love. A long line for a journey; a short line for a visitor. A large circle for misfortune; a small circle for news; a triangle for success; a square for obstacles, a heart for love, a broken heart for parting a parting. Read other symbols in relation to your question.


Alpeno
In Italian Witchcraft, the Guardian of the Eastern Portal between the Worlds.


Alpha
The alpha brain wave is associated with inner levels of mental activity, tranquility, rest, and relaxation. It is also associated with inspiration, creativity, accelerated healing concentration, and ESP.


Alpha and Omega
First and last letters of the Greek alphabet; beginnings and endings.


Alpha et Omega

English occult order, founded after the breakup of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn in 1900 by former GD head Samuel Liddell Mathers and his supporters. There were two temples in Great Britain, one in London and the other in Edinburgh. The former Golden Dawn temples in the United States—Thme No. 8 in Chicago and Thoth-Hermes No. 9 in New York City—sided with Mathers during the breakup and became part of the Alpha et Omega afterwards. Three other American temples were founded after the First World War: Ptah No. 10 in Philadelphia in 1919, Atoum No. 20 (sic) in Los Angeles in 1920, and Themis No. 30 (sic) in San Francisco in 1921.

The history of the Alpha et Omega is uncertain at best, as few documents survive. All of the temples of the order appear to have gone out of existence by the Second World War.




Alpha Level
The brain generates weak electrical impulses representative of its particular activities. As recorded by the electro-encephalograph (EEG), they fall into particular levels assigned Greek letters. Beta, at 14-26 cycles per second, is our normal waking state including focused attention, concentration, thinking, etc. Alpha, 8 to 13 cycles, is the next level down characteristic of relaxation, alert receptivity, meditation and access to the subconscious mind. It is at 8 cycles per second, the border between alpha and theta that Trance occurs. Theta, 4 to 7, is lower yet and occurs just before (hypnopompic) or after (hypnagogic) sleep and is characteristic of light sleep, deep meditation, vivid imagery, and high levels of inner awareness. Delta, 0.5 to 3, is characteristic of deep sleep.


Alpha State
One of the four brainwave patterns, the alpha state is typified by patterns that repeat at the speed of 8-13 Hertz (cycles per second). People drifting into sleep or coming out of it are in the alpha state. It is also the speed of the brainwaves typified by daydreaming, a light trance, etc. This state becomes stronger when you close your eyes. The other brainwave patterns are beta, delta, and theta.


Alphaism
In the GBG magickal order, Alphaism means first or beginning because alpha is the first letter of the Greek alphabet. Alphaism was the beginning of the GBG instruction on Sex Magick. Alphaism simply means no sexual intercourse. Erotic thoughts of imaginations should not even be entertained in the mind during the one or two months that the practice was required. Instead of sex, the Alphaist member was to begin with the first verse of the first chapter of The Book of the Law, and take one sentence every day, in sequence, and meditate/concentrate on that sentence for at least an uninterrupted fifteen minutes one or more times daily. "Beware against making an intellectual study of this book. This is a very cryptic book, and is beyond intellectual rationalization. Get what you are capable of getting by inspired meditation." Concentration is defined as: "Close mental application or exclusive attention." The mental activity is confined to a definite point. When one visualizes tracing a pentagram in green light, one must really concentrate in order to make it subjectively real. Note that it is not mere physical chastity that is of value, but rather that one should reserve sexual interest and imagination for the time of actual sexual congrex and its preparation. The goal of Alphaism is discipline, strengthening our self-control over body and emotion so that we can engage in prolonged sex. It is more of what is called “Tantric Sex” today. Alphaism should be considered immediately in contest with Dianism, which see, below along with the articles on the Borderland and Congrex.


Alphitomancy
A form of divination by grain, especially barley. According to one tradition, if it was believed that an unknown person in a group were guilty of a crime, they would all be given cakes made of barely to eat. The person who developed indigestion was guilty. What would happen if several people got indigestion, or if none did, is not discussed.


Alphitomancy
The use of wheat or barley bread to determine guilt. Suspects were gathered together, and each made to repeat, “If I am deceiving you, may this bread act upon me foul.” The loaf was sometimes rubbed with vervain, and then a portion of bread was consumed by each suspect. The guilty person who suffer severe and painful indigestion while the innocent would not be affected.


Alraun

Popular in Germany, an Alraun was an image usually made from the root of a mandrake, although sometimes from an ash or other tree. It was supposed to be wrapped in a white cloth, offered food daily, bathed on Fridays, and kept in a box. If you did this it would bring good luck. If you didn’t, it would shriek until you paid attention to it. Alrauns could bring good luck and were used in various magickal rituals. Supposedly you can’t give it away or throw it away; you must sell it at a higher price than you paid for it.

The name Alraun is derived from the mythic Teutonic sorceress, Alrunes. The term was sometimes used to describe a magician or Witch.


Altar
At the center of the circle is placed the altar, which magically represents the center of the universe and the center of the self. It is the working surface of ritual, the focus of awareness and power. When there is no space for a material altar, one may be visualized in the astral. The altar is square on top, cubic or doubly-cubic in dimension, and should be made of, or contain, natural stone. All these aspects symbolize that the altar is the material foundation that supports the work; it is the fixed place, the earthly buttress, where power is manifested and made actual in the world.


Altar

An altar is really a work bench holding your magickal tools. Usually it is placed at the center of the circle or working area. Sometimes it may be moved to face any of the four corners. Traditionally it is composed of two equal size cubes, one on top of the other.





Altar Candle
Candles used to provide light for an altar during a magickal ritual or worship. Altar candles are usually white.


Altered State of Consciousness
Also known as an ASC, a state of mind that is different from normal, waking consciousness. Examples of an ASC range from dreaming and daydreaming to trance, out-of-body experiences, and drug-induced states. Besides pointing out that “normal, waking consciousness” is simply something people agree upon (“consensus reality”) and implying that there is a greater reality than what we normally accept, certain magickal, mystical, and paranormal phenomena may occur during an ASC.


Altered State of Consciousness

Wakefulness and sleep are the two most familiar states of consciousness. Others include dreaming, meditation, trance, hypnosis and self-hypnosis, hallucination, astral projection, etc. ASCs can be induced by sleep deprivation, chanting, fasting, ecstatic dancing, drumming, sex, psychedelic drugs, and conscious self-programming. Once you’ve been "there," it is easier to get there again.





Alunsel

Alchemical measurement meaning a drop.




Alzemafor

Alchemical term for cinnabar, the bright red ore from which mercury is derived.




Amasras
An angel mentioned in the Book of Enoch. He enjoys helping people who work with the soil, such as gardeners and farers. He can also be called upon to increase the potency of magic spells.


Amazonite

Amazonite is a light, aqua-green stone with white mottled flecks. The rock typically originates from the New England States and Colorado. It is composed of potassium feldspar, and is a green variety of microline. The name is derived from amazonstone, from the Amazon River. While amazonite is found in Brazil, it is not found by the Amazon River!

It is a sacred stone highly valued and used extensively by the ancient Egyptians. Amazonite is cooling and soothing to your mental state. This stone is important for healing and spiritual growth. It helps to align the heart and solar plexus chakras. It also aligns the etheric and mental bodies. As a thought amplifier, amazonite magnifies the consciousness stored in these chakras, especially the psychological attributes.

This pleasing, calming stone makes it easier for the life force to act as a bonding agent and this penetrates to the molecular level. It’s an enhancer for most other vibrational remedies. On the cellular level, the brain processes are stimulated. All the body energy currents are strengthened by amazonite.




Ambriel
Ambriel is the ruling angel of May. He can be invoked for any matters involving communication. He also assists people who are seeking new jobs or searching for more opportunities and responsibility.


Ambrosia

The food (or some say drink or a special substance) on which the Greek gods lived.




Amen
A word used at the end of prayers and sections in Jewish and Christian rituals, as well as in some Pagan and ceremonial magick rituals. It is usually translated as “so be it,” thus equating with the magickal expression, “so mote it be.” However, it is actually a notarikon or Kabalistic acronym for the Hebrew words, “El Melech Ne’eh-mahn,” meaning “God is a faithful king.” Thus it signifies that concept that by repeating certain phrases, prayers, or rites, God will be faithful and fulfill His part of the agreement and do what is expected from the repetition of those words or actions.


American Gardnerian
A tradition of Witchcraft that traces itself back to the system of Gerald Gardner by way of Raymond and Rosemary Buckland. In 1963 they traveled to Scotland and were initiated into Gardner’s system by Monique Wilson. They returned to the US and founded the “Long Island Coven.” American Gardnerianism is a bit more strict, especially concerning coven structure, lineage, and initiations, than are some other Gardnerian groups. Thus, although they are truly Gardnerian, not all Americans who are Gardnerian identify themselves as “American Gardnerian.”


American Middle Pillar and Auric Energizer

A practical exercise to stimulate six psychic centers, energize the aura, circulate energy and awareness throughout the aura, and then to expand the aura and awareness to encompass all the earth.




Amethyst

Amethyst is a regal violet gemstone with whitish stripes. The purple color comes from the presence of manganese during its formation. It is a form of crystallized quartz, composed of silica. It is found mostly in Brazil.

Amethyst is a radiant gemstone, meaning that its energies are expansive. It is said that when you meditate with amethyst you are helping the Earth, because the violet ray will help to transform the entire world into a better place. It is the most highly valued stone in the quartz group. It has many supernatural powers. It is said to bring luck, ensure constancy, protect against magic and homesickness. It has long been known to help against drunkenness.

Violet has a calming effect upon the nervous system. Insomnia may be relieved by gently rubbing an amethyst on the temples or forehead, and can be used for tension and migraine headaches. It is one of the best to use for meditation. It is here to teach the lesson of humility, to “Let go and let God.” Amethyst is very useful for people grieving over lost loved ones, as it subliminally communicates that there is no death. Amethyst is recommended for stimulating greater love, and attunement for healing forces. In directing the energy of the amethyst to the lungs, relief may be obtained for asthma and circulation problems. You can recharge your own energy by holding an amethyst over the crown chakra, third eye, or heart chakra. A very high vibration centered in love, balance, and harmony will be transferred.




Amitiel
The angel of truth. He can be called upon for help in any matters requiring honesty and integrity.


Ammonius Saccas

(175?—242) A Greek philosopher from Alexandria, Egypt; little is known about him. However, he founded the school of Neoplatonism in Alexandria and is thus considered one of the founders of that system. There are no records of his writing, and we know of his teachings through his students, especially Plotinus.




Amnesia
The loss of memory. Can be caused by a wide variety of means. Frequently occurs during hypnotic trance either as the result of suggestion or a spontaneous occurrence.


Amniomancy
Divination by scrying in the caul around a child at birth (happens rarely and is said to be a magickal omen).


Amniomancy

Examining the caul that sometimes covers a newborn’s face is said to reveal the child’s future.




Amon
One of the spirits found in the Lesser Key of Solomon. He is said to bring love and tell of all things past and in the future.


AMOOKOS
The Arcane Magical Order of the Knights of Shambhala. An occult group founded in 1982 by Michael Magee (Lokanath Maharaj) by permission of HH Shri Gurudev Mahendranath (1911-1992) who was a guru (some say the last guru) of the Uttarakaula Tantric Order of northern India. AMOOKOS cleverly blended ancient Tantric and Western techniques and quickly grew all over the world, introducing people who would later become leaders in the occult community to Tantric philosophies and magickal techniques that were not widely known. As frequently happens, internal struggles led to a split in the group and today there are several groups that directly or indirectly owe a great deal to AMOOKOS.


AMORC

Ancient Mystical Order Rosae Crucis, they claim to be the Rosicrucian Brotherhood. Although most Rosicrucians date themselves to early 17th century manifestos, AMORC claims to go back to Pharaoh Thutmose III of Egypt circa 1500 b.c.e. The order itself was founded in the US by Harvey Spencer Lewis (1883–1939), who had worked in advertising as an illustrator. Around 1915, Lewis hit upon the idea of marketing AMORC via mail order, and their ubiquitous advertisements appeared in numerous popular magazines. The organization began in New York City, but in 1918 the police raided them and Lewis was arrested for selling fraudulent books and collecting money under false pretenses. Charges were dropped, but Lewis moved the Order to San Francisco and then Tampa, Florida. In 1927 AMORC moved to San Jose, California, and incorporated as a religion. This was abandoned after a few years and the fraternal nature of the Order was stressed. In San Jose they created Rosicrucian Park, including faux Egyptian buildings, a museum, and the fifth planetarium built in the USA (and still in use today). Teachings seem very similar to “New Thought,” the mystical system that evolved out of late 18th-century Spiritualism.

Upon his death, leadership of the order switched to his son, Ralph Maxwell Lewis (1904–1987). After Ralph's death a new leader was selected, but shortly afterward he was fired, the Order was reorganized, and the Supreme Grand Lodge moved to Quebec, Canada.

AMORC has worked hard to support their claim to being the true Rosicrucian Order. In the past they have fought other groups over this, including taking R. Swinburne Clymer and his Fraternitas Rosae Crucis to court, where each claimed the other practiced black magic. At one time, Aleister Crowley made a weak attempt to take over AMORC.




Amphitrite

Greek sea goddess. Originally the wife of Poseidon, she was later downplayed to merely being his consort and later to being merely symbolic of the sea. Her son was Triton and her daughter Rhode. 




Amrita
In alchemy and sex magick, it is the magically transmuted First Matter.


Amrita

Literally, that which is against death; the nectar of immortality. In classical Tantric sex rituals, commingled sexual fluids that are consumed by the practitioners. Some Neo-Tantric teachers refer to female ejaculate as "amrita."




Amulet
A magical device used for protection. Although often used synonymously with talisman, amulets are made to keep things away (such as illness) while talismans are used to bring things to you (such as good luck).


Amulet
A device of some sort worn to protect the wearer from some specific evil or malady. The term amulet seems to be derived from the Latin word amulteum, a “means of defense.” Amulets are Barrier and Guardian talismans.


Amulet

Usually a physical object of metal or stone that has been deliberately crafted to represent and be additionally charged with particular energies believed to inspire or stimulate corresponding energies in a person carrying or wearing the amulet. Most often, the material is associated by traditional correspondences, and then is shaped or inscribed with symbols likewise derived from correspondences. The amulet may be activated and its energies transferred by prayer, manipulation, or magical use




Amygdala

A group of almond shaped nuclei located within the temporal lobes of the brain. The amygdala is involved in the processing of memory and emotional reactions. 




Amymone

One of the Danaids, she was an early earth goddess after whom a fountain was named. She is represented by a water pitcher.




Anadyomene

Also known as Venus Anadyomene, her name means ”she who rises from the sea." She is a famous representation of Aphrodite, the sea-born Greek goddess of sexuality.




Anael
(“The Grace of God,” also known as Haniel, Hagiel, or Hanael) The angelic Chief of both the Order of Principalities and Virtues. He is als the Lord of Venus and Ruler of the Third Heaven. As a result, he can be invoked for any matters concerning love, romance, affection, sexuality, peace, harmony, and inner peace. Because of his association with love and affection, he is probably the most frequently invoked angel. Anael is believed to have taken Enoch to Heaven. Anael helps people who are engaged in creative pursuits, and endeavors to create beauty wherever he goes. Anael helps people overcome shyness and gain confidence in themselves.


Anahata
The pure sound made without any two things striking. Heart chakra or center located at the center of the chest associated with love and compassion and is seeded and activated during Reiki One and Two attunements, respectively.


Anahata

Sanskrit. "Unstruct Sound." Primarily known the Heart Chakra.




Anahita
One of the angels of fertility. Anahita can be invoked for help in any matters concerning fertility and pregnancy.


Analgesia
A technique used with hypnosis that takes a sensation, usually experienced as “pain,” and allows it to be experienced as a sensation that it not painful. Often used in hypnotherapy for pain reduction. This is not the same as anesthesia where sensation is not experienced at all.


Analingus

Using the mouth and, especially, the tongue to stimulate the anus. 




Analogeticists

Title given to those who followed the teachings of Ammonius Saccas. They received this name because they used analogies and correspondences when they interpreted myths and symbols, much as many occultists do today.




Analytic Overlay
In Remote Viewing, it refers to analytic response of the viewer’s mind to make sense of information it receives. Often the interpretation is wrong, although it tends to be based on data that is valid. There is no formal word for this in clairvoyant training.


Analytic Psychology

Jungian Psychology.




Ananda
A Sanskrit term that means “divine bliss.” Frequently included in Indian names, it implies oneness with higher realms of holy peace
.


Ananda

Commonly translated as bliss, but it can also mean happiness, joy, or sensual pleasure. 




Ananke

A Greek personification of the abstractions “destiny,” “necessity,” and “fate.” She is often shown holding a spindle and is seen as the dictator of fate and circumstance. As the Orphic mystery religion grew, Ananke fell in importance, eventually replaced by Eros as a force opposing both fate and death.




Anaphrodisiac
Anything—including a behavior, smell, or thought, but especially a herb or drug—that reduces the desire for sex or the ability to perform sexually.


Anaretic Degree

In astrology, a name given to the 29th degree of any sign; it is sometimes called the degree of fate. When a planet is in the anaretic degree of a sign (especially the Water signs of Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces), spiritual qualities (including intuition, intuitiveness, psychic abilities, and empathy) associated with the planet and sign are enhanced.




Anastasis

Greek word meaning “rise up” and referring to the concept of the resurrection of the dead. However, it is also used to mean the point in an initiation ritual where the candidate moves from the old life to the new life, reborn as an initiate in a new existence.




Anathema
Originally a Greek word that meant lifting something as an offering to the gods. The meaning has changed over time to virtually the opposite, including a curse (such as would be placed by a magician on another person) and part of the formula used by the Catholic church during the excommunication of a heretic. Other meanings include to be set apart, banished, exiled, or denounced.


Anatomy of the Body of God
If we accept the possibility of "truths" expressed in sacred literature we have to be open to "non-literal" interpretations. It is hardly sensible to think we are “created in God’s image” and then look for such identity just in our physical bodies. Rather, knowing that Consciousness, along with Energy and Matter, have to come in the “Beginning with the Word,” we can think of the unit of consciousness that is ours as modeled after God as Consciousness, hence "the Anatomy of the Body of God" is our consciousness as programmed for our development. In Self-Empowerment & the Sub-Conscious Mind, (co-authored with Joe H. Slate) Carl Llewellyn Weschcke draws upon a personal visionary experience in which the Great Pyramid of Giza becomes a model for Personal Consciousness expressed as the Sub-Conscious Mind, the Conscious Mind, and the Super-Conscious Mind and connections to Soul and to the Collective and Universal Unconscious. The major point is the realization that in our Personal Consciousness we are modeled after the Universal Consciousness set at the Beginning. As a model, we are constantly growing to fulfill that potential and in doing so we are fulfilling the Great Plan set for in the “Word.”


Anauel
The angel of prosperity. He can be invoked in any matters concerning money or finance.


Ancestor Worship

A tradition found in many religions, that features the veneration, honoring, or worship of deceased relatives. This may be a relative in a blood line or of an important person to the tribe.




Anchor
A mental or physical action that is linked to a behavior. During hypnosis or an NLP session, an action, such as seeing the color red, may be anchored to a behavior, such as feelings of well being.


Ancient Astronauts

The belief that aliens landed on Earth thousands of years ago. Some contend that this ancient beings helped humanity develop and even evolve. Others claim they used early humans for their own ends.




Ancient Wisdom
“The Ancient Wisdom” remains a mystery, perhaps a myth, perhaps lost history of a time when “Men were Gods.” Or, was it when “The Gods walked on Earth?” or when “Space Visitors seeded the Earth?” However we treat it, the Ancient Wisdom purportedly included knowledge of great powers and energies, of technologies still surpassing those of the modern world, and of wisdom that would transform our present world into one of Peace, Prosperity, and Progress. It’s the real concept underlying the belief in the “New Age,” and in Novus Ordo Seclorum - a “New Order of the Ages. Real or not, we are pushing back the edge of known history and finding that the artifacts we see— the Great Pyramid, the Great Sphinx, the mountain monuments in Peru, and much more—are much older than previously believed and indicative of technologies beyond still to be “rediscovered” today. Was that Ancient Wisdom hidden away in the Tarot? Are whispers of it contained in the symbols and signs of Freemasonry? Is it waiting for us in the practices of Magick, Yoga, and the Martial Arts? Can it be glimpsed in the ecstasies of Sex Magick? The mystery remains, all our esoteric practices are founded in the belief that we can each solve the mystery and move beyond the still luminescence of the Ancients.


Androgyne

Although technically meaning a hermaphrodite, in occultism it refers to concepts and things that blend opposing aspects into one homogenous entity.




Andromeda

She was a princess in ancient Greece. In punishment for her mother’s bragging, she was chained to a rock to be a sacrifice to a sea monster. Her future husband, Perseus, saved her. She may have been a pre-Hellenic moon goddess seen as being under attack by the demon of darkness. The myth was so popular it was converted into the legend of St. George and the Dragon.




Andumnos
(Gaulish) - The Underworld / Otherworld / Netherworld which corresponds to the Greek Elysian Fields and Tartaros, and to the Teutonic Valhall and Hel. There are many isles of the Celtic Otherworld. Andumnos was later called Annwn in Welsh, and Andomhain in Early Irish (Gaelic).


Anesidora

Another name used for the Greek Pandora. This name means “She who sends up gifts” implying food plants.




Anesthesia
Complete insensitivity to pain. Often used during surgery and dentistry to make the experience more comfortable and reduce shock and bleeding, making recovery faster and more likely. Although forms of anesthesia were in use in ancient times, the first well-documented modern use of anesthesia was recorded by Dr. James Esdaille. In the mid-1800s, he performed hundreds of surgeries in India using Hypnosis for Anesthesia. He became quite famous and people from all over came to him. When he brought it back to England, he was mocked and hounded by religionists. Before he could prove his point, the use of chloroform for anesthesia was introduced.


Angakkuq
Spelled in a variety of ways, including Angakok, it is a term used to describe a wise and spiritual figure who may function as a mediator and teacher. Traditionally, the Inuit or Eskimo people have rules or notions that compare to the Western concept of laws. There are three types: things to do, things to avoid, and things to follow. An Angakkuq could be called in to mediate when someone does not follow the rules. Also, a type of shaman. Techniques used by such a person include invocations, incantations, chanting of songs, weatherwork, spiritual protection, etc.


Angel

From the biblical Greek angelos, used as the translation of mahlach as found in the Hebrew bible. In English, both mean “messenger.”

Although there is a common myth that a good person becomes an angel after he or she dies, there is no biblical or theological support for this position. Rather, angels form a class of created entities—whose actions my be interpreted by humans as good or evil due to our limited understanding of the universe—who actually perform the Will of God.

The term can be confusing as it is often used to describe all such entities (including archangels, cherubim, seraphim, etc.) as well as being one specific type of entity in the heavenly hierarchy. Although not limited to having any specific form, they are often described as robed and having wings.


Angel
An entity in the hierarchy of heaven. Each has no free will and has one purpose. Angels are under the command of a higher Archangel.


Angelic Hosts
Literally, a group or "host" of angels.


Angelic Hosts
A Theosophical term described by Geoffrey Hodson in The Kingdom of the Gods (1953, Theosophical Pub. House, Madras, India) by saying they: “. . . may be regarded as the active, creative intelligences and form-builders of all objective creation. They are manifestations of the One, the Three, the Seven and all products thereof. From dawn to eve of Creative Day, they are ceaselessly in action as directors, rectors, designers, artists, producers and builders, ever subservient to and expressive of the One Will, the One Substance and One Thought. “In the exoteric aspects of the ancient Faiths, these Beings, as also the underlying principles, the laws, the processes and the modes of manifestation of the creative force are personified, named and given traditional forms. Esoterically, however, these personifications were in no sense regarded as realities but rather as thought forms and symbols of major creative Powers and Beings. These symbols were partly invented by the Initiated Teachers of earlier peoples as aids to the masses for whom abstractions could possess no reality. Generations of worship gave to them durable concrete shapes in the mental world which served as links between the human mind and the realities which the symbols represented. These symbolic figures also served as channels through which the true Intelligences could be invoked and pour down Their beneficent influence, enlightening truths and occult forces for the helping of mankind." “. . . in their real existence, the Gods who were once so near to men were none other than the Angelic Hosts, that throughout the great racial darkness they still have been near, though unperceived, and that time approaches when again the Major Creative Powers and Beings, the laws by which the Cosmos emerges from chaos and the place of humanity in the vast process of divine manifestation will become apparent to mankind.”


Angkur
In Tibetan spirituality the empowerment in a particular ability, usually as passed from teacher to pupil.


Angles

On an astrological horoscope, the "angles" are the lines formed by the ascendant (0 degrees), the I.C. (Latin for Imum Coeli, "bottom of the sky," at 90 degrees), the descendant (180 degrees), and midheaven (270 degrees). These are considered to be important points in a chart and are said to represent Cardinal qualities.




Angular
The Angular houses of the birth chart (1st, 4th, 7th, and 10th) are considered strongly expressive; planets in these houses are more easily recognized by others or may be expressed in a more physical manner than other planets.


Anima
The archetypal feminine aspects found in all males.


Anima

(Psychology – Jungian) The Woman in every man. In Jung’s psychology, it is mythic ideal of the feminine that a man projects on to women. It manifests in fantasy, romance, sexual behavior, the estrogen hormone, and in feminine energy.




Anima

(Eastern Thought)  A siddhi or magickal power developed through Tantric techniques, it is the ability to shrink to the size of an atom.




Anima Mundi

The “Soul of the World.” There has been a dual usage for this phrase:

1) As the World Mind or Global Consciousness, divided into spiritus mundi or world vital force and corpus mundi or the world physical body;

2) The divine essence that permeates everything, also known as Astral Light, Prana, Animal Magnetism, Spirit.





Animal
A living creature usually identified as having to feed, having sense organs, a nervous system, and able to respond to stimuli. Plants are able to create organic molecules (needed for survival and growth) from inorganic ones, while animals generally cannot do so. Various animals are recognized as having spiritual qualities.


Animal Magnetism
A term coined by Franz Mesmer describing what he considered to be a type of “fluid” or force that had magnetic qualities in people and that could be used to heal. Although this was clearly a type of energetic healing technique, he often includes positive suggestions along with sending the energy, which produced a trance-like condition in patients. Followers focused only on the trance and suggestion aspect leading to various forms of hypnotism.


Animal Magnetism

Etheric, or life, energy that, like Reich’s Orgone, is present in all animal life. It can be concentrated, stored, transferred and projected by magical practices—essentially the use of a trained imagination. It formed the basis for many of the practices of Mesmerism, considered by some to be an early forerunner of Hypnotism.




Animal Mutilation
Strange cases where the bodies of animals, frequently cattle, are mutilated in ways not expected. Although experts attribute these cases to natural predators, others disagree, pointing out what appears to be surgical precision to the wounds, claiming that the mutilations may be due to satanic cults or aliens.


Animal Psi

Expression used to describe what appears to be psychic or paranormal abilities in non-human animals. Sometimes represented by the term, “Anpsi.”




Animal Soul

Individual animal awareness is primarily physical and emotional, but sharing in the mental substance of the species Group Soul. It is generally believed that accumulated mental activity leads individual animals to transmigrate into the human kingdom—but only those animals such as Cats, Dogs, Elephants and Monkeys that have been in close and constant association with human “owners.”




Animals

Any living organism that feeds on organic matter. Usually, they will have some sort of nervous system as well as specialized sensory organs. Dogs were probably the first animal that was domesticated around 15,000 BCE.

Throughout history, humans have been associated with animals, depending upon them for food, clothing, fertilizer, energy, etc. They have also been fascinated by animals, using sympathetic magic to acquire the strength of the tiger, the wisdom of the owl, the endurance of the camel, etc. Shamans would mentally travel to other worlds and communicate with animal spirits and guides.
Also See: Pets


Animism
More than the concept that all things—humans, other animals, all forms of vegetation, and even minerals, stones, and rocks—are alive and have a spirit or soul, animism is the belief that all things, animate and inanimate also have some degree of reason and the ability to act. Thus, the winds, streams, rocks, etc. have intelligence and can share their wisdom.


Animus
The archetypal masculine aspects found in all females.


Animus

(Psychology – Jungian) The Man in every woman. In Jung’s psychology, it is mythic ideal of the masculine that a man projects on to men. It manifests in fantasy, romance, sexual response, the testosterone hormone, and in masculine energy.




Anjali

Ppronounced ahn-yuh-lee, the famous mudra, or hand position, often given among Tantrics, Buddhists, and Hindus, indicating an honorable greeting. It is made by pressing the palms of both hands together, with the fingers pointing up. It can be positioned at chest level (with the thumbs touching the sternum), at the forehead level (with the thumbs at the location of the third eye chakra between the brows), or above and slightly in front of the head. In some traditions you greet equals or subordinates with the hands at the chest, superiors (especially spiritual leaders) with the hands at the forehead, and divinities (during worship) with the hands above the head.

The gesture first appeared on seals associated with the pre-Hindu culture in the Indus valley around 2,000 b.c.e.




Ankh
The Egyptian word for “life,” it is represented by a symbol of a cross where the top is a loop and the horizontal bar is shorter than the vertical bar. It was often seen being carried by the loop by Egyptian deities in ancient art. In Latin it is called the crux ansata, which means “cross with a handle.”


Ankh-af-na-Khonsu
The scribe pictured on the Stele of Revealing.


Anne Stokes Gothic Tarot


Annikki
("AHN-ikki") Finnish nighttime goddess. Known as "she of good name."


Announcing Dream

A concept relating to reincarnation. When a soul is ready to reincarnate, it will announce itself, often to the woman pregnant with the soul’s future body. Sometimes, however, another person—such as the future child’s father or other relative—will have the announcing dream. Implies that the soul of a person does not enter the body at inception.




Annuals
Appear yearly. Since the earliest days of Llewellyn Publications more than a century ago, we have published books dedicated to information for the specific year of publication. Over the decades, this has expanded from strictly astrological books such as the Daily Planetary Guide, the Sun Sign Book, and the Moon Sign Book, to include datebooks, almanacs, and calendars focused on magic, Tarot, Witchcraft and Wicca, and herbalism, as well as those sharing astrological advice. Because each is filled with original articles and information from new and well-known writers, and as they are only available for one year, they often become collectables and rapidly sell out.


Annwn
The Welsh Netherworld ruled by Arawn. Unlike many other Underworlds in mythology, Annwn is not a place of eternal torment or punishment, and mortals may visit it while still living. The legendary Wild Hunt, led by the god Herne, is said to commence from the gates of Annwn.


Anoint
To rub a substance, usually an oil or ointment, onto a part of the body, usually as part of a religious ceremony. In Wiccan rituals this can be done for purification or consecration, and may be done to an object as well as to a person.


Anomalous Experience

An experience that cannot be explained by currently accepted Western scientific theories.




Anomalous Phenomena

Phenomena found in the natural world that cannot be explained by currently accepted Western scientific theories. Also known as Fortean phenomena (named after the famed collector of reports of such phenomena, Charles Fort), an example would be a rain of frogs.




Anomaly
Something found that has no explainable source; strange, unrecognizable shapes appearing in photographs taken at haunted sites and cemeteries.


Anpsi

See Animal Psi.




Ansuz

The fourth rune of the Elder Futhark, representing the letter A.

The meaning of this rune is mouth, and as such usually indicates the spoken word, the taking of advice, or the acquisition of wisdom.


Ansuz

This is the fourth rune of the futhark. Whereas Thurisaz represents the forces of chaos, Ansuz represents order, the defenders of which, in our mythology, are the Aesir.

I know a fourth one: it will free me quickly If foes should fetter me fast With strong chains, a chant that makes Fetters spring from the feet, Bonds burst from the hands.

--Havamal


Antaskarana
A Sanskrit term used by Theosophists to mean the link or bridge between the personal or lower self and the spiritual or universal self.


Anthea

A title for the Greek Hera meaning “flowering one.”




Anthropomancy
Divination in the intestines of a person; also called hepatoscopy.


Antichrist
A Christian concept of an evil person, several people, group, or entity who would pretend to be a world savior by producing all sorts of miracles and signs when, in fact, he/they are in total opposition to Christ and lead people to eternal damnation. Often mistakenly equated with Satan or the Devil. Throughout history, numerous people or groups have been attacked as being the Antichrist, most often due to opposing the religious or political aims of the writer. On the other hand, some have identified themselves with the Antichrist for a variety of reasons. This includes philosopher-writer Friedrich Nietzsche to occultist Aleister Crowley and his follower (and co-founder of Pasadena’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory) Jack Parsons.


Antigravity

A term used to describe any device that can either overcome or not be affected by gravity. Such a device has numerous potential benefits, ranging from space travel to high-speed rail or even personal transportation devices. Current forms of such devices tend to use high-powered magnets to slightly counter the effects of gravity, however they have limited range. Other, devices that their inventors claim are not affected by gravity, have not been consistently and reliably demonstrated under test conditions.




Antinomianism

The rejection of socially established morality or religious laws. 




Antinopomancy
A gruesome ancient Roman form of divination through human sacrifice. Although most commonly used to describe the interpretation of the entrails, especially the intestines, of a sacrificed man, woman or child, it also refers to interpreting screams and death spasms of the sacrificial victim.


Anubis

Egyptian guardian of Isis. Anubis is the son of the goddess of the dead, Nephthys, by Osiris. Depicted as jackal-headed, or simply as the jackal god. God of protection. Judge and protector (and comforter) of the dead and therefore, god of the dead and of embalming. Protector of tombs.




Anupadaka

(Sanskrit) “Parentless.” Alternate name for the Submanifestal, the sixth level up from the physical




Anuswara

"Little heaven." The bindu or dot that sometimes appears above Sanskrit letters. It indicates prolonging and nasalizing the "m" or "n" sound. It is what gives simple mantras like Om their power to alter consciousness. 




Anxiety
A feeling of unease or apprehension. It may have a single source or be unspecific. Often treated with hypnotherapy.


Aonghus
(Pronounced “ah-nish”) Irish Celtic god of love, also a trickster character.


Apache Tear Drop
Apache tear drop is a form of black obsidian. It is a calming translucent stone, found in Arizona and other parts of the US. It is composed of feldspar, hornblend, biotite, and quartz. It was formed by rhythmic crystallization that produces a separation of light and dark materials into spherical shapes, and is a form of volcanic glass.

There is a haunting legend about the Apache tear drop. After the Pinal Apaches had made several raids on a settlement in Arizona, the military regulars and some volunteers trailed the tracks of the stolen cattle and waited for dawn to attack the Apaches. The Apaches, confident in the safety of their location, were completely surprised and out-numbered in the attack. Nearly 50 of the band of 75 Apaches were killed in the first volley of shots. The rest of the tribe retreated to the cliff’s edge and chose death by leaping over the edge rather than die at the hands of the white men.

For years afterward those who ventured up the treacherous face of Big Pacacho in Arizona found skeletons, or could see the bleached bones wedged in the crevices of the side of the cliff.

The Apache women and the lovers of those who had died gathered a short distance from the base of the cliff where the sands were white, and for a moon they wept for their dead. They mourned greatly, for they realized that not only had their 75 brave Apache warriors died, but with them had died the great fighting spirit of the Pinal Apaches.

Their sadness was so great, and their burden of sorrow so sincere that the Great Father imbedded into black stones the tears of the Apache women who mourned their dead. These black obsidian stones, when held to the light, reveal the translucent tear of the Apache. The stones bring good luck to those possessing them. It is said that whoever owns an Apache tear drop will never have to cry again, for the Apache maidens have shed their tears in place of yours.

The Apache tear drops are also said to balance the emotional nature and protect one from being taken advantage of. It can be carried as an amulet to stimulate success in business endeavors. It is also used to produce clear vision and to increase psychic powers.

Black obsidian is a powerful meditation stone. The purpose of this gemstone is to bring to light that which is hidden from the conscious mind. It dissolves suppressed negative patterns and purifies them. It can create a somewhat radical behavior change as new positive attitudes replace old, negative, egocentric patterns.
Also See: Apache Tear Drops


Apana

Sanskrit for “breath,” prana refers to the universal energy that flows through the body’s web of non-physical channels known as nadis, the three most famous being the Ida, Pingala, and Sushumna. Different breathing patterns known as pranayamas can increase and direct this energy, leading to the simplification that prana and air are the same or that prana is in the air. In the traditional system, there are five different forms of prana: Prana: Moves inward. Governs all types of consumption: eating, drinking, breathing, sensory impressions.

Apana: Moves away: Governs excretion or all sorts, as well as reproduction.

Udana: Moves upward. Governs growth and development, as well as enthusiasm, speech, and the ability to stand.

Samana: Balances from the edge to the center through churning and discerning. It is the “digestion” energy that aids the lungs in “digesting” air, the gastrointestinal system in digesting food, and the mind in “digesting” sensory input and ideas.

Vyana: Moves outward from the center to the edge. Governs circulation of blood and the oxygen, hydration, and nutrition found in the blood. Aids in the “circulation” of ideas.


Also See: prana


Apantomancy
Divination by paying attention to random signs from the universe.


Apas

The Tattwa of elemental Water. It is symbolized by a silver crescent with the horns pointing upward as if a container.




Apep
Ancient Egyptian evil demon (also spelled Apepi and named Apophis by the Greeks) representing darkness and chaos and opposed light and order. He was the opposite of the sun god Ra. He is shown as a snake, crocodile, or dragon. The priests had a book of instructions on how to overcome Apep.


Apepi
See Apep.


Aphrodisiac

Something that excites or produces sexual arousal. 




Aphrodite
The Greek goddess of love.


Aphrodite

Greek goddess of love and sexuality. She is the personification of physical beauty. It is believed her traditions were imported from or influenced by the cult of Astarte in Phoenicia.




Apis

Egyptian Bull deity whose line continued even when that of the Pharoahs failed. Apis was the most important sacred animal in ancient Egypt and was the only such animal never shown as a human with an animal’s head. Probably originally a fertility god.




Apocalypse

An enormous disaster. The name comes from the last book of the Christian Bible and is from the Greek where it actually means “revelation.” That book has the revelations of St. John resulting from visions. Those visions describe the violent end of the age. Highly symbolic, numerous interpreters give different versions of the meanings of the book.




Apollonian
Religious: An Apollonian religion or cult is one that focuses on the deity Apollo. Since Apollo is the Greek god of the Sun, an Apollonian tradition is solar-oriented. Philosophical: A person is said to be Apollonian in nature if he or she is calm, ordered, and well balanced.


Apollyon

Greek term meaning "the destroyer." Obviously derived from the name of the Greek solar deity (and hence, god of growth), Apollo. This implies that the ancients understood that with energy of growth necessarily came the energy of destruction. With the rise of Christianity, Apollyon became a synonym of Satan. Although the name Apollyon appears in many grimoires, it is up to the magician using the grimoire to determine whether the use represents the positive and necessary energy of dissolution or is simply a Satanic alias.




Apophis
See Apep.


Apotheosis

Greek word that means “to become divine” or “to ascend to a divine level.” Originally described the way a king was made divine in some ancient religions. In France and England this may have led to the belief in the Royal Touch (which see).

Early Christians changed the meaning of the word to mean that a person or group could partake of the divine nature and not that they could become divine.




Apparition
A visible presence usually identified as a ghost. Often associated with the soul or spirit of a person that for some reason has not continued on their spiritual evolution and is “earth bound” or trapped close to earth until some activity can be concluded. Apparitions can be recorded by cameras and may clearly be individuals or as swathes of light or small, glowing spheres.


Apparition
A disembodied spirit that appears either fully or partially visible to the human eye; may be captured in photographs.


Apparition

A projection of one’s image that is seen by another. Unlike Astral Projection, the appearance is mostly spontaneous and does not involve the projector entering into a trance state. Apparitions are often connected with a personal crisis or intense interest in the other person. Sometimes the apparition is coincidental with the person’s death.




Apperception

A phenomenon in which sensory perceptions are associated with inner, subjective impressions.




Application Programs

The aptitudes and capabilities you demonstrate.  Many self-improvement classes give you new aptitudes that augment your "Application Programs."




Apport
A physical object that appears from nowhere. Usually, apports appear during a physical séance, and often at the request of a medium. Some believe they are instantly created from ectoplasm, while others believe that come from another dimension or location. Apports are usually small items, however numbers of roses are not uncommon.


Apport

The appearance of an object as if moved from another location by psychic means. It is believed to involve the dematerialization and then rematerialization of the object.




Apprentice
A person who is training with someone who has mastered some area of endeavor. Often, the apprentice agrees to do labor in exchange for the training.


Aquarian Age

Due to the precession of the equinoxes, the Earth goes through different astrological ages lasting about 2,150 years (the exact number of years is up for debate). Depending upon the astrologer, we are either currently in the Piscean age, are in the cusp with the Aquarian age, or actually in the Aquarian age. Roughly thought of as equivalent to the "New Age," most astrologers seem to hold we have not yet fully entered the Aquarian age. The signs of the Aquarian age include increased freedom, independence, and spirituality.




Aquarius
The best quality of Aquarius is your humanitarian attitude. The worst quality is argumentativeness. A key phrase is “I know.” Aquarians are seen as progressive. When we speak of the Age of Aquarius, we are speaking of a period beginning now and extending into the future, with all the possibilities the future has to offer. Aquarians may be well informed or even visionary in your thinking. You may not be grounded in the practical application of your ideas. Focused on a universal goal, you may not attend to the needs of individuals in ordinary circumstances.

Aquarians have advanced ideas. You are original and scientific in your methods, and you are strongly interested in education, for yourself and for others. You often prefer to learn through conversation with others, rather than through straight book studies. There is an unconventional quality in your thinking – you can take apples and oranges and make something greater of you.

Aquarians are generally pleasant, but you are also assertive. Your determination can turn to argument when you don’t get your way, and you can be unsympathetic to the views of others. Your temperament is affected by the world outside yourself, and can become cranky at times, or even rebellious. Your usual cheerful manner and understanding of human nature make you skillful social beings, but you may be somewhat reclusive, needing a lot of private time to think things through. You are not terribly practical and have to learn to manage time and money.

Aquarians are generally kind and are influenced by the kindness of others. This may be because you have moments when you are unsympathetic, and you recognize the need for this quality. Aquarians value your freedom, and thus respect the freedom of others. You are interested in metaphysical subjects. Your lack of demonstrative behavior may be your way of keeping your feelings to yourself.


Aquarius

The Reformer
Key Phrase: I KNOW

Aquarius is the experience of individuality, and can be highly autonomous. As the Fixed Air sign of the zodiac, Aquarius expresses focused mental energy, and can show a strong level of ingenuity. Although most people think of Aquarius as progressive, it also has the capacity for fanatical attachment to an idea or ideal. Aquarius is the rebel and anarchist, but can be unselfish and altruistic, much like Uranus, which rules this sign. Symbolized by the Water-Bearer, Aquarius pours forth ideas streaming from the mind; in its highest form this is stimulated by intuitive awareness. Aquarius seeks to develop the true, unconditional love of friendship. Its cool detachment can be directed in positive ways to bring about change, but can also seem hurtful on a personal level. Where you see Aquarius in your chart, you see your need for the unconventional, and for the development of your individuality.


Arabic Parts

In astrology, a special calculation (attributed to Arabic astrologers) resulting in points on the chart that are believed to be impactful. To determine them you add the positions of two parts of a chart (such as the Ascendant and the Moon) and then subtract a third factor (such as the Sun).




Aradia
A legendary medieval Witch in Italy whose name was popularized by Charles Godfrey Leland, popular nineteenth-century author and folklorist. According to legend, Aradia brought about the revival of the Old Religion, a pre-Christian European Witch sect that had been driven into hiding during the time of the Inquisition.


ARARITA
Word of Power used in Hexagram rituals, it is a Notarikon stating that the ultimate divinity is unitary in nature.


Arbatel of Magic
Originally intended to have nine books, we only have the first book, “Isagoge,” that concerns the basics of magickal procedure in general. It contains 49 “aphorisms,” divided into groups of seven called “septenaries,” which must be learned and followed in order to succeed in magickal experiments.


Arc

In astrology, an arc is the difference on a chart between a progressed planet and the position of the planet on the natal chart. The Solar Arc is the most used form of this calculation.




Arcana
Secrets or mysteries. Arcana is the plural form of arcanum, although its usage may be singular or plural. A standard Tarot deck features two sections, the Major Arcana (usually 22 cards with images on them) and the Minor Arcana (usually 56 cards with 16 being “face” cards similar to a pack of playing cards and the remainder being either number or “pip” cards or fully illustrated).


Arcane
Something that is understood by only a few people. Mysterious or secret.


Arcane School

An occult organization founded in 1923 by Theosophist Alice A. Bailey and her husband, Foster Bailey, it was designed to bring in the New Age by the Great White Brotherhood, the spiritual hierarchy of masters who are believed to guide human destiny.

Over the next years Bailey dictated a series of books that laid out a program for bringing in the New Age. In addition, there is a correspondence course. International headquarters at 113 University Pl., 11th Fl., Box 722, Cooper Sta., New York, NY 10276. More information at their website www.lucistrust.org/en/arcane_school.





Arcanum

Anything, especially a spiritual concept, that is hidden. Singular of the better-known term, arcana




Archangel
In the Kabalistic hierarchy of heaven, archangels are beings who carry out the will of God. Each has limitations and is associated with powers represented by aspects of the divine which, in turn, are represented by names of God. Rather than carry out the divine will themselves, they may achieve these goals by commanding the angels they control.


Archangel
(Greek, “chief messenger/principal messenger”) A class of princely angels with authority over heavenly realms, early nations, or other angels. The term “archangel” does not actually appear in Jewish literature until almost modern times. Hebrew angelic terms include Irin (Watcher), Sar (Prince/Archon), or Sharet (Ministering angel).


Archangels
The prefix “arch” means chief, principal, or most important. Consequently, archangels are among the most important angels. According to the Book of Revelation there are seven archangels. The Koran recognizes four archangels but names only two: Djibril (Gabriel) and Raphael, and Uriel are the best-known archangels.


Archangels Inspirational Cards

Archangel-focused inspirational deck of twenty-two cards.




Archetypal Image

The (usually) physical form of an archetype for a particular culture, mythology, religion, or individual. For example, the archetypal image of the universal mother deity can take the form of the Christian Mary.




Archetype
The original model after which similar things are patterned. From a metaphysical perspective, the concept of a Mother Goddess would be an archetype and the names and images by which she is worshipped would be generated patterns of the archetype. Archetypes are fixed within what many people call the Group Mind, the Collective Consciousness of a culture, or community. Therefore the appearance of an archetype figure to a specific group of people will transmit the same imagery to the individuals within the group. Generally speaking, each individual will have the same or a very similar impression of what the image represents.


Archetype
A symbol or image that is found cross-culturally that evokes deep emotional connection by embodying universal meaning. For example: the Warrior.


Archetype

(Psychology – Jungian) A universal image and center of psychological function and energy mostly similar across nationalities, races, cultures, and historical times. Generally speaking, “Mom” is the same mom everywhere. Nevertheless, there may be some minor variation across long established cultures as expressed in dominant religions, and personal variants may be the source of traumatic disturbances as when a real-life mom fails to fulfill her archetypal stature. 

The archetypes are the foundation of major mythologies, and correspond with gods, goddesses, and mythic heroes. They are found in the major arcana of the Tarot, may be seen and experienced through Kabalistic path-working and shamanic trances, and are often met in dreams and projected onto real life figures in times of crisis. One of the goals in every program of self-knowledge is to gain understanding of our particular interaction with them, and possibly change those interactions from a childish to a more mature level.

The archetypes may be the "gods," each charged with particular responsibilities in the natural world. See also Noosphere.




Archon
From the Greek meaning “authority,” it is from the same root as “archangel.” In Gnostic belief, the Archons were planetary rulers with various spheres or planes of control. In Gnosticism, while you are alive, they prevent you from focusing on spiritual development. When you die, they prevent you from traveling to God. The only way to get past them is via the recitation of certain magickal formulas. Thus, having the sacred knowledge allows you to reach God, a concept which may be a metaphor for Gnostic practices.


Ardhanarishvara

A form of the Tantric deity that combines the male Shiva with the female Shakti in one iconic form. Visually, the deity is divided vertically, with one half showing physical male characteristics and the other half showing female characteristics. The name is Sanskrit for "The Lord who is Half Woman."




Ardhapadamasana

The Half Lotus Posture. In this modified version of the Lotus Posture, only one foot is placed atop the thigh when the legs are crossed. 




Ardra

An area on the coast of Dahomey (currently known as the Republic of Benin). It is from this area where the people often called aradas. This is also the source of the term Rada, a name for some of the oldest rites of Voodoo or Voudoun. The rites and rituals of this form of Voodoo are traditionally considered positive and beneficial.




Area 51

A remote site of Edwards Air Force Base about 95 miles north of Las Vegas, Nevada. Known to the CIA as either Groom Lake or the Nevada Test and Training Range, it is used to design and test advanced aircraft. Many people believe it houses alien space ships that are being reversed engineered for their technology. Others believe it houses either the bodies of dead extraterrestrials or even living aliens who are giving the U.S. technological secrets. 




Area 54

Part of Area 51, rumored to be the location of secret aircraft tests.




Arelim
See Erelim.


Arete

The Greek notion of excellence associated with the fulfillment of a purpose or function. It meant courage and strength in the face of adversity and was considered an aspiration for all people.




Ariadne

Daughter of King Minos of Crete, she aided Thesus in overcoming her half brother, the Minotaur. Bride of Dionysus. She may have been a Great Goddess of Crete and “Mistress of the Labrynth” or even a Snake Goddess. 




Aridian
One of several traditions of Italian Witchcraft. Separated from the Triad Clans in 1981 and became the first independent Italian tradition in America. It is a rejoining of the Triad traditions in one complete system.


Ariel
(“Lion of God”) Angel mentioned in the pseudepigraphal Book of Ezra and The Key of Solomon the King. He is believed to help Raphael cure illness and disease in humans, animals, and plants.


Aries
The best quality of Aries is leadership. The worst quality is officiousness. A key phrase is “I am.”

The Aries personality is energetic and ambitious. Aries wants to be in command and to be in the forefront of every activity. Courage is a strong personality trait.

The Aries mental process is active as well. Not liking to be confined, Aries will entertain any idea and will refuse to be limited by precedent or environment. Enterprising in all things, Aries is no less goal-oriented in the mental realm. There is usually a bright, optimistic attitude that carries over to a confident demeanor. Aries is a good conversationalist, but don’t expect to change his or her mind.

Your temperament is daring. The fiery will of Aries expresses through forceful engagement in life’s activities. Self-willed, Aries wants to be in charge and may not take instruction well. Independent and impulsive, Aries can be rash at times. The desire to be ahead of others often leads to a competitive demeanor.

As mentioned above, the thought processes and temperament often lead Aries to be combative, or at the very least assertive. You make good executives because you have the drive to get ahead. Still, your headlong rush into things can be less than inspired at times. The keen mental edge and incisive wit make Aries interesting to be with, but tiresome when wit turns to sarcasm and mental activity becomes obsessive.

So why is a potentially obsessive or sarcastic individual a good leader? Because beneath these possibilities lies the resourcefulness to try something different in order to make a difference. Like the ram, Aries sees a target, puts its head down, and charges. After the initial thrust, he or she looks around, resets its direction and charges again. Enthusiasm is contagious, and Aries can be the source of it. Self reliance and enterprise are traits we admire in leaders, as we know you will be able to manage in difficult circumstances. And just as you demand your own personal freedom, you recognize that others need personal space too. Aries’ color is red; its part of the body is the head.


Aries

The Initiator
Key Phrase: I AM

Aries is the initiator, displaying independence, courage, and the leadership necessary to get things started. The Cardinal Fire sign of the zodiac, Aries has everything to do with movement, and is uncomfortable standing in one place for too long. Ruled by Mars, Aries is strongly self-directed, and can be highly impetuous and abrasive, sometimes showing a rash or careless approach to issues. Symbolized by the Ram, Aries tends toward headstrong, "me-first" expression. Exuberant and self-reliant, Aries is capable of standing alone. This quality can also inspire others to follow suit—but Aries is not likely to wait around to see who is following behind! Where you see Aries in a chart, there is eagerness and self-will.


Arioch

A Hebrew word that means “fierce lion.” In the Jewish Bible, it is associated with a king of Eliasar. Much later, it was the name given to a fallen angel controlled by Satan in Milton’s famous poem Paradise Lost, first published in 1667.




Ariolater

A person who interprets omens to predict the future.




Arithmancy
Divination by reading the significance of numbers; also called numerology.


Arithmomancy

A form of numerology, especially one that uses the number of letters in a name.




Ark of the Covenant
(Teiva ha-Eidut) A portable chest that served as the repository for the original Ten Commandments and the 13th Torah scroll written by Moses (the other twelve went to each of the tribes) during the Exodus. More importantly, the Ark served as a locus of God’s presence among the Children of Israel. At God’s commission the Biblical wonder-craftsman Bezalel built the ark while the Israelites sojourned in the desert.


Arm Levitation
A common practice used with hypnosis where it is suggested to a hypnotized person that their arm will levitate by itself. Used to judge if a person is hypnotized and the depth of the trance. Can also be used to help induce hypnosis.


Armageddon

As described in the Christian Bible, the final battle between good and evil marking the end of the world. It is a "mythical reality," an image that challenges us to resolve.




Armaita
Angel who can be invoked when it is important to determine the truth of a matter.


Armchair Magickian
A magickal theoretician; one who theorizes about magick and its techniques but does not actually perform any rituals. Some practicing magickians use it as a derogatory term for people who don’t “practice what they preach.”


Armisael
Angel traditionally invoked in matters relating to labor and childbirth. Gabriel and Temeluch are invoked to help the child while it is in the womb, but it is Armisael who is responsible for the birth process.


Armomancy
Divination by observing the shoulders to determine sacrificial worth.


Aromatherapy
The use of the scents of plants, primarily derived from their volatile oils including essential oils, to produce changes in body, mind, and/or spirit. Although experimentation in this area has existed for thousands of years, including the use of incense in magical rituals and scents for healing, it was a French chemist, René-Maurice Gattefossé, who coined the term in 1928. He had become interested in the use of essential oils for healing after he severely burned his arm and plunged it into the nearest liquid he could find, a large container of lavender essential oil. To his surprise, his arm healed quickly and there was no scar. It was an Englishman, Robert B. Tisserand, who may be credited with the modern interest in the subject with his publication of The Art of Aromatherapy in 1977.


Arrangers
A secondary use of talismans from the isometric crystal system. These talismans have an internal structure that is perfectly arranged and holds the energy we need to help us arrange our life in a more orderly manner. When there is a need for arranging our paths through life, establishing equality or equilibrium, reducing chaos, aligning priorities, or just “squaring” things away, talismans made from crystals from this system are very powerful.


Arrow Position
A physical position (similar to the Eastern concepts of the asana and mudra) taken by a participant during certain Pagan rituals. When holding this position, the feet are placed together and the arms are raised directly overhead, palms touching.


Art and Craft
A cute expression meaning Wicca or Witchcraft.


Art Magick
Another name for High Magick.


Arthur Avalon
Pen name of Sir John Woodroffe.


Artificial Elemental
Like an elemental, but created by a magician for a specific purpose related to the qualities associated with a particular magickal element.


Arupa
A Sanskrit term that literally means "without form." In Theosophy, it represents the idea of a thing with a spiritual form that has not manifested or does not have a physical form.


As Above, So Below
An expression used in many spiritual and magickal traditions that is a shortened version of a passage from a document called “The Emerald Tablet of Hermes.” In full, the section reads: “That which is Below corresponds to that which is Above, and that which is Above, corresponds to that which is Below, to accomplish the miracles of the One Thing.” The “miracles” refers specifically to alchemical practices, although it has been generalized to all magickal practices. Today, many people use this expression as an explanation for the relationship between the Divine and humanity. It implies that the spiritual world must follow certain laws of nature, and what happens on a spiritual plane must manifest on the physical plane, and that it’s possible to modify what’s on the spiritual plane through actions on the physical plane.


Asana
Pose or posture held comfortably. Poses for meditation and bodily control.


Asana

Sanskrit. "Seat" or "Postures. Generally referring to any the postures or exercises taught in Hatha Yoga that provide a stable base for the body so that sensations do not disturb concentration.




Asariel
Angelic Lord of Neptune. He looks after people who are involved in clairvoyancy and mediumship. He can also be invoked to help heal sick horses.


Asat
A Sanskrit word meaning "not real." It illustrates a seemingly contradictory concept: our seemingly real physical universe is actually sat or unreal. It is merely our senses interpreting the inner reality of the spiritual realms.


Asatru
Those who practice Asatru devote themselves to the Nordic, Germanic, and Icelandic Deities, and may do so to the exclusion of all other Deities by a voluntary covenant. The ethical system is based on the writings of Edred Thorsson, who identifies Nine Noble Virtues and the Sixfold Goal as an ethical system. The virtues are courage, honor, truth, fidelity, discipline, hospitality, industriousness, self-reliance, and perseverance. The goals are right, wisdom, might, harvest, peace (frith), and love.


Asatru
This term has been adopted to describe the modern restoration of the Germanic religion of Northern Europe. The literal meaning is "true to the Aesir!"


ASC
See Altered State of Consciousness


Ascendant

The ascendant, or rising sign, reflects your persona – what you choose to show to the world. Whereas the Sun sign is your individuality and does not change a great deal, you have the capacity to choose the nature and level of expression of your Ascendant. You can choose the most destructive expression, or you may choose to show a side of yourself to the world that is full of optimism and promise.

The ascendant is frequently useful in describing your physical characteristics and general health. Aside from geographical and ethnic realities, the rising sign shows complexion, hair and eye color, stature and weight. A Gemini would be rather taller than average, and Taurus might be on the stocky side, within the range of family tendencies.

The ascendant offers suggestions for what kind of clothing looks good and what color will make you seem stronger. The general shape of the head and face are linked to the Ascendant. The sign also indicates a part of the body that you can show off to good advantage. It may not be your favorite part of yourself, but it is one that will respond to careful treatment in terms of clothing, movement, etc. The Taurus may not think about the throat very much, but this is a key area to focus on to create a strong effect on others. Aquarians can benefit from careful selection of shoes, as the ankles are “the thing.”

As you learn about your Ascendant, you will find a whole array of new considerations for how to present yourself to the world. Should you be flippant or stern, gregarious or darkly serious? The rising sign can provide a wealth of imaginative possibilities.

Because the ascendant is the way others see you, physically and in every other way, it pays to understand what they are seeing. You can develop a whole range of clothing, movements, communication styles and general attitudes based on your rising sign. You can overcome limitations in other areas by emphasizing the positives here. In this way you actively participate in creating the impression you want others to have, and you become more influential as you project a well thought-out image.




Ascendant
In astrology, the start of the First House; rules the demeanor and the physical body.


Ascended Masters

This term for highly spiritual beings who are non-physical yet interact with humans originated with Blavatsky and the Theosophists. Other terms include "Elder Brothers" and "Mahatmas." Some believe they were once humans who, through spiritual development, no longer need to incarnate. This makes them similar to the Buddhist concept of the Bodhisattva.




Ascending Arc
A Theosophical term, also known as "Luminous Arc," meaning the evolving waves of life energy.


Ascending the Pyramid

A strategy combining imagery of a pyramid and self-affirmations to promote psychic empowerment. 

Suggested Reading: Slate, J. & Weschcke, C. Psychic Empowerment—Tools & Techniques, 2011, Llewellyn.





Asclepius

Ancient Greek God of health and healing.




Ashe
Name for the Life Force emanating from every living thing in the Universe. It’s also a reference to the Spiritual Power and Abilities of the deities and all living things. It is also used as a closing for prayers and powers statement, to give emphasis, much like “So Mote it Be” in Wicca or “Amen” in Christianity.


Ashlar

A square stone block. In Freemasonry it represents the Mason and his spiritual advancement. There are two kinds, the rough ashlar and the smooth ashlar. It is also symbolic of the alchemical Philosopher's Stone, a representation of inner transformation as a result of spiritual work.




Ashmodiel
Angel who is one of the regents of the sign of Taurus. He can be invoked on any matters involving love and romance.


Ashram
A Sanskrit term literally meaning "to strongly strive" or "to make strident efforts." Most people know it as a term as a noun, describing a type of school, often associated with a spiritual organization, and often set up as a live-in place of study, worship, and work. However, it can also be used as an adjective, describing a period when a person dedicates himself or herself to a spiritual life.


Ashtanga Yoga

"Eight-limbed." The eight stages of Patanjali's Yoga:

Yama: control 
Niyama: observance 
Asana: posture
Pranayama: breath control  
Pratyahara: sense withdrawal 
Dharana: concentration 
Dhyana: sustained concentration, and
Samadhi: universal consciousness with total psychological and physical integration.




Ashtoreth
Name of the goddess Astarte in Hebrew.


Ashwini Mudra

Literally, "the gesture of the horse." Ashwini Mudra is the intentional pulsing of the anus. This practice is very important in many Tantric routines, since it is a powerful way to raise energy within the body. It is also reputed to have a wide variety of health benefits. 




Ask, and You Will Receive

Remember that your Personal Human Consciousness is modeled on the Body of God. The Powers of the Universe are yours to learn and earn. You do have the Power, but you have to learn it, understand it, believe it, use it, and—above all—have faith in its reality. 




Asmodeus

A demon, some say a king of demons, most famous for his appearance as the evil character in the apocryphal book of Tobit. Asmodeus also appears in Talmudic legends and has been known as the "King of Nine Hells," one of the "Seven Princes of Hell," and as a lust demon who perverts sexual desires.




Aspecting
Astrology: when a planet enters a certain geometric (i.e., 90°) relationship with another planet.


Aspecting
Magick: A description of part of an invocation, where a person takes on certain qualities—even the appearance—of a spirit or deity being invoked. In the Pagan ritual of Drawing Down the Moon, a High Priestess may aspect the Goddess to give advice and blessings to a group. Most often a part of a group ceremony rather than an individual rite.


Aspects
Relationship between points in the chart. They are angles measured from the center of the chart. Specific angles are found to be significant.


Aspects
On a circular chart, it is easy to see interrelationships between the planets, Sun, Moon, and other significant astrological points. These relationships are measured in geometric terms, and are called aspects. Aspects are measured by the number of degrees which separate two planets or points on the chart.


Asperge
The practice of shaking or sprinkling water to purify and/or consecrate individuals, places, or things as part of a ritual.


Asperger
A special device, a leaf, bundle of herbs (usually fresh), etc., used to sprinkle water during a ritual purification or consecration. Also, the title of the person using such a device.


Aspergillum
A special device—usually a type of brush or a small container perforated with small holes, used to asperge during a ritual.


Aspidomancy
Trance-like oracular divination performed in a magick circle.


Aspirant

One who aspires to something. It frequently is used to describe a person who seeks or aspires to membership in an occult order or, once a member, seeks to move to a higher level in that order. In the occult Order of the Astral Star, "Aspirant" is the title of someone in the "zero degree" of associate membership. It corresponds to Earth of Earth in the Sephirah Malkuth (In the Golden Dawn's coloring, the black colored quarter of Malkuth using the Queen Scale of color).




Aspiration

The aspiration of the student (we are all students) towards growth and the attainment of Initiation should be a burning flame like a lover’s desire for his beloved.





Asport

Although it means theft and larceny, when it comes to Spiritualism the word "asport" means something removed from a séance room by unknown means. It's the opposite of an apport, and is often found in a nearby room. One famous medium who made possessions of her sitters disappear was Eusapia Paladino.




Ass' Foot

Code used in spells and recipes by Pagans, ancient doctors, alchemists, etc. going back to the Greek Magical Papyri. It means Coltsfoot.






Assiah
The "Material World." The final, fourth, and most dense of the four Qabalistic worlds or stages of manifestation. Assiah is the dense world of action and matter. It is attributed to Malkuth, the element of earth, and the Hebrew letter Heh (the final letter Heh, as opposed to the second letter Heh in the name Yod Heh Vah Heh).


Assiah

The World of Action. The fourth and lowest of the Kabbalistic worlds corresponding to the material level, the world of sensation, the dominion of Primordial Earth and its four elements. Assiah pictured either on the Tree of Life as Malkuth only, or as a fourth Tree of life below the other three.

Suggested Reading – Regardie & Ciceros: A Garden of Pomegranates





Associated

An experience in a dream, vision, trance, hypnosis, etc. where you observe things from a first-person perspective, as if seeing it through your eyes. The opposite of dissociated.




Association

Connection and relationship between similar items such that thought about one calls up others. It is not the same as “correspondence,” which occurs at the universal macro level whereas association is generally related to personal and human experience. It is often used in dream interpretation.




Asson

An important ritual tool in the practice of Voodoo or Voudoun. It is a sacred rattle used in various rites. Typically it made of a coconut with beads (traditionally made of snake vertebrae) strung around it and placed on a stick. Rather than being shaken, one hand holds the beads while the other hand is used to twist the stick rhythmically back and forth, resulting in the beads scraping over the rough surface of the coconut and producing its sound. Sometimes they are brightly colored.

The Asson is a symbol of a Voudoun priest (Houngan) or Priestess (Mambo). To be "given the asson" is an expression meaning that a person has been raised to the priesthood.




Assumption of Godforms
A technique used in several magickal systems. The magician creates the image of a deity by various means, including visualization of an archetypal image of the deity, concentration of the sigil of the deity, vibration of the deity’s name, etc. Once created, the magician “steps into” the image (this may be done mentally, physically, or both). The magician then functions as a manifestation of that deity. This is typically done in certain initiatory rituals, so that it is a deity performing the initiation for the purpose of using powers and abilities attributed to the deity for healing, divination, practical magick, etc., or as part of certain forms of sexual magick.


Astaroth

The 29th spirit given in the Goetia. He is described there as a mighty & strong duke, with the appearance of an ugly angel riding on an infernal spirit similar to a dragon. In his right hand is a viper. He will answer questions about the past, present and future. It adds that he will help you discover all secrets and help you with knowledge in all of the liberal sciences.

It seems rather clear that “he” is actually derived from the Phoenician goddess Astarte, herself derived from the Assyrian/Babylonian goddess Ishtar, an example of how the deities of one culture become the demons of cultures that follow.




Astarte

Phoencian version of Egyptian Ishtar. Some believe that she became Aphrodite in Greek myth. She was a Moon goddess associated with love and sex, but also war. Symbols of Astarte include the sphinx and the horse, the lion and the dove. Graphically, she was symbolized as a star within a circle a symbol believed to be a representation of the planet Venus.

In Jewish myth she is called Ashtoreth and is considered a female demon of lust. This may be due to the policy of one religion turning the deities of other religions into representatives of evil.




Asterism
The star-like dispersion of light due to tine “needles” arrayed in several directions within a crystal.


Asteroids

In astronomy, there are between 1.5 and 2 million small bodies known as asteroids that are a kilometer or larger in size. If you include smaller sizes, that number can jump to tens of billions. Although they are primarily found between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter, some (such as Chiron, which is between the orbits of Saturn and Uranus) are outside of that range. In astrology, there are four asteroids that are commonly used: Ceres, Juno, Pallas, and Vesta. These are also known as minor planets.

In 1982, a massive joke was played on the astrological community by Batya Stark and Mark Pottenger when they published The Asteroid Ephemeris, a book that supposedly delineated the asteroids Dudu, Dembowska, Pittsburg, and Frigga. Some people believed this to be valid, and have requested updates to this ephemeris from the publisher.




Astragalomancy
Divination by observing the knucklebones; can accompany palmistry.


Astragalomancy
A form of divination using special dice with letters and numbers on them.


Astragalomancy

Letters, words or symbols are written on each of a dozen “knuckle-bones” (an ancient form of dice), and then cast upon the ground. The future is determined by the symbols that fall face up, and by their relative position. See also cleromancy.




Astral
The astral plane, as in the expression, “on the astral.”


Astral
Having ethereal qualities.


Astral
Something that belongs to the astral plane.


Astral
Like the stars.


Astral Ascent

An astral projection procedure induced by hypnosis to survey past life experiences and retrieve those particularly relevant to current needs.




Astral Aura

Each body or vehicle is inclusive of the one “beneath” it in the familiar scheme of levels of consciousness. With basic aura seeing, each higher vehicle’s aura extends further beyond the skin of the physical body in this sequence: physical body, etheric double, astral, mental, and causal vehicles for a total of four. Higher vehicles are not perceptible by ordinary clairvoyance.




Astral Awareness

The essential goal of astral projection is to extend awareness beyond the limitations of the physical brain to become fully conscious on the astral plane. Moving beyond single body limitation to multi-body consciousness our horizons become infinite.




Astral Blackout
A point at which the light in the astral world appears to dissipate, leaving the traveler in darkness.


Astral Bleeding
An involuntary loss of astral matter, frequently called ectoplasm. Most likely to occur when someone is traveling on the astral plane and does not now how to protect themselves in that area. Generally, this “bleeding” is seen by psychics as occurring from the solar plexus.


Astral Blue Beltway

The fluid stream of psychic energy used to convey telepathic messages in the Astral Telepathy System.




Astral body
The astral body is a composite, made up in varying proportions of a physical (or semiphysical) body and a “spirit” body. During its projection the second body draws “astral material” from the first body through the silver cord that connects the two.
Also See: Astral Double


Astral body

Also known as the "Astral Vehicle," the astral body is equivalent to the Sanskrit Kama-Rupa, the extra-biological part of our being, which exists as a conscious, intelligent, and indestructible entity.

It is the third Vehicle (“upward” in the general scheme) or level of consciousness, also called the Desire or Emotional Body, or Emotional “Envelope.” In the process of incarnation, the astral vehicle is composed of the planetary energies in their aspects to one another to form a matrix for the physical body. This matrix is, in a sense, the true horoscope guiding the structure of the body and defining karmic factors.

The Astral Vehicle is the Lower Self of Emotion, Imagination, Thinking, Memory and Will—all the functions of the mind in response to sensory perception and emotional reaction. It is the field of dreams and the subconscious mind. It is the vehicle for most psychic activities.

Yet, a distinction must be made: The Physical Body is the field of ordinary conscious mind and the Astral is that of the sub-conscious mind, and a doorway to the super-conscious mind and the collective unconscious.


Also See: Astral Double


Astral Doorways

Meditation on certain objects may function:

  1. to induce an alternative state of consciousness or
  2. to bring access to certain areas of the sub-conscious and astral plane.

Among the first are fascination devices that focus awareness and induce trance—crystal balls, magick mirrors, swinging pendulums, pools of ink, etc.—allowing the user to receive impressions. Among the second are Tarot Cards, Rune Symbols, I Ching Hexagrams, Egyptian Hieroglyphs, Hebrew Letters, Tattwas, and Yantras etc. Used in meditation they may open certain astral circuits and gain access to specific parts of the Astral Plane and to subjective states of consciousness.

Suggested Reading – Tyson: Soul Flight, Astral Projection & the Magical Universe





Astral Double

An alternate term for "astral body."




Astral Encounter

Within spontaneous astral projection, the therapeutically planned encounter with long-term growth barriers with the intention of dismantling them.




Astral Excursion

An out-of-body induction procedure specifically designed to promote astral travel. to the spirit realm.

Suggested Reading: Beyond Reincarnation, by Joe H. Slate, Ph.D.




Astral Flight

An imagery and relaxation procedure for inducing out-of-body travel.




Astral Flow

A procedure designed to arrest sleep and induce Out-of-Body travel to designated destinations.




Astral Genotype

The unique cosmic structure underlying each person's individuality as a conscious entity.




Astral Illumination

Through astral projection and increased awareness, we accelerate our growth and gain understanding of the nature of our existence.




Astral Light
The definition of this expression is often convoluted. Some refer to it as a type of spiritual energy on the astral plane that controls and molds things there. Others use it to refer to the astral plane itself. In Theosophy it is considered to be the place where all the energy of the universe is stored while waiting to move into the physical plane. It is also the receptacle for all energies moving out of the physical plane and into the spiritual planes. As such, it can be seen as a record of all things that have taken place on the physical and spiritual planes, also known as the Akashic Records.


Astral Light

The "substance" of the Astral Plane that responds to It is approximately equivalent to Ether, Mana, Vital Fluid, etc. holding the impressions of thought and emotion and feeling, forming memory.

Suggested Reading – Regardie & the Ciceros: The Tree of Life – An Illustrated Study of Magic




Astral Love

Like astral sex, astral love and romance are emotional and emotion is the substance of the astral plane.




Astral Matrix

The astral body—in contrast to a constructed thought form—is a non-physical replica of the physical body and can be used as an organizing matrix perceived to be ideally healthy. Upon re-engagement with the physical body, health images can be transferred for healing and rejuvenation.




Astral Outsourcing

A procedure designed to acquire outer growth resources available only through Out-of-Body interactions with higher astral planes.




Astral PK

A procedure designed to muster PK resources during the Out-of-Body state, and focus them on specific health or fitness goals.




Astral Plane
An intermediate and invisible level of reality between the physical plane and the higher, more divine realms. It is the common boundary between the individual and noumenal reality. A nonphysical level of existence that is the basis of the physical plane.


Astral Plane

The second plane, sometimes called the Inner Plane or subjective world, it is an alternate dimension both coincident to our physical world and extending beyond it. Some believe it extends to other planets and allows for astral travel between them. 

It is that level of concrete consciousness between the Physical/Etheric, the sphere of ordinary consciousness, and the Mental and Spiritual levels. It is where dreams, vision, and imagination are experienced and magical action shapes physical manifestation.




Astral Plane Therapy

Methods of therapy that occur while having an out-of-body experience.




Astral Powers

Those natural powers and trained skills that arise from mastery of the particular “rules of engagement” that characterize the astral plane. With understanding the nature of astral substance and energies and the unique characteristics of the many sub-planes and resources of the astral plane, we need to train the astral body in much the same as we do the physical body—by learning and practice. 

In most situations, we are interested in using the astral to explore the non-physical universe and to influence physical actions. 

Still anchored in the physical body, we make use of various OBE procedures to do these things. In most cases, it is vital to set specific goals, and it is through such work that we do gain skills, train our astral “muscles,“ and grow in consciousness. 




Astral Projection
An experience in which the conscious part of the self splits form the body for a period of time. The typical out-of-body experience is of short duration and comes unexpectedly. But it can be induced consciously and deliberately.


Astral Projection

A phenomenon in which the astral body disengages from the biological body to consciously experience distant realities. See Out-of-Body experience (OBE).




Astral Regression Therapy

A psychotherapy procedure structured specifically to extinguish deep-seated fears by traveling Out-of-Body to re-experience their origins.




Astral Replica

Anything on the physical plane is replicated on the astral plane in non-solid astral substance that responds to feeing and thought. 




Astral Sex

Every physical action has an astral reaction, and nearly everything sexual is accompanied by emotion, the very substance of the astral plane. Love and Romance are likewise emotional, and these three are mostly associated together and function through the exchange of magnetic and electrical energies that engender excitement, pleasure, and built the magical potentials fundament to Sex Magick.




Astral Substance

Instead of physical substance the astral world has its own unique substance that some writers refer to as “emotional” because it is the foundation for our emotional consciousness just as the physical substance is the foundation for our physical consciousness, and the mental world substance is the foundation of our mental consciousness.  

A range of energy/matter substance of lessening density as the range of vibrations increases.




Astral Substance

A generic term used to describe the malleable or "plastic" substance that comprises the astral plane.




Astral Surfing

An Out-of-Body induction procedure designed to facilitate Out-of-Body astral scanning of multiple planes.




Astral Sweep

A technique to examine the physical plane while having an out-of-body experience.




Astral Sweep

A procedure designed to induce Out-of-Body clairvoyant scanning.




Astral Telepathy

A system for communicating without physical contact that involves being out-of-body.




Astral Telepathy System

A nine-step Out-of-Body induction and telepathic sending system.




Astral Temple
A place on the astral plane or in the imagination created by force of will and visualization as an astral location that is represented on the physical plane by a magician’s actual temple. When magicians consciously project into the astral plane, this is usually the first place they will go. As it is familiar to the magician, it can be used as a place of refuge in case of attack or perceived danger on the astral plane.


Astral Therapy Programs

Astral projection programs specifically designed to tap into the therapeutic possibilities of the out-of-body experience drawing upon the resources of higher astral planes.




Astral Travel
The experience of moving around through the environments encountered during astral projection. This may include moving at the speed of thought to any location in the physical world, universe, or on the various more ethereal planes of the astral worlds.
Also See: Astral Projection


Astral Twins
Two people born at the same date and time. They are often seen to have very similar personalities and may even have physical appearances that make them look like twins.


Astral Walk

An Out-of-Body induction procedure that introduces Out-of-Body walking as a figurative, multi-directional phenomenon.




Astral Walk-Out

In Astral Walk, a stage in which the astral body disengages the biological body. See: Astral Walk.

Suggested Reading – Slate, J.H. & Weschcke, C.L.: Astral Projection for Psychic Empowerment, 2012, Llewellyn





Astral Whiplash

Astral projection is safe, practical, and very enjoyable. Although some people worry needlessly (“What happens if I project and can’t get back?), the real difficulty with astral projection is getting out of body in the first place. Your astral body has a natural desire to exist closely associated with your physical body. The chance of getting lost is hardly likely, especially during early attempts when people are not going to travel far from their bodies anyway.

Because of this natural attraction of the astral body for the physical body, there is a strong “pull” between the two. When you get started on your astral travels, it is possible that you can get rapidly “sucked” back into your physical body. This is known as “astral whiplash” and can result in feelings of shakiness and headache due to leaving some of your astral material on the astral plane. This will wear off in a short time as the material naturally works its way back to the physical body. Alternatively, you can project back to the astral plane and retrace your steps, reacquiring the astral substance.




Astral World

Just as we can speak of the physical plane and the physical world, so can we speak of the astral plane and the astral world. A "plane" (like a "level") is descriptive of the characteristics of the things that make up a world—the substance, energies, laws, etc. A "world," in contrast, is descriptive of how the things are put together, hence the landscape, the life-forms, the climates, and so forth. 

The astral world has its own landscape, generally replicating the physical world, but is far more extensive, reaching wherever consciousness reaches. It has its own inhabitants, which include the astral bodies of the inhabitants of the physical world. Those astral inhabitants also include forms that have never incarnated into physical bodies as well as temporary inhabitants created by humans through the power of imagination, emotion and fantasy.

It is also possible that some creatures, like certain paranormal entities such as UFOs, Aliens, the Loch Ness and other "monsters" that slip in and out of the physical world have their origin in the astral, and that mythical beings like dragons also exist in the lower astral close enough to the physical that they sometimes appear to the physical world inhabitants.




Astrological house

Each planet in your birth chart resides in a house. The chart’s houses symbolize different facets of the self. Think of them as the fields of experience upon which you live your life. Each relates to a certain environment and specific relationships.

One way to understand the houses is to consider the way you might act or dress if you were being interviewed by a prospective employer, and contrast that with the way you act or dress at home around people who know you on an everyday level. These experiences illustrate the differences between two different houses in your chart.




Astrology

Astrology is a science that examines the action of celestial bodies upon all living beings, non-living objects and earthly conditions, as well as their reactions to such influences. The study of the stars is one of the oldest sciences known to humankind, tracing its origins back to ancient Sumer and even earlier. The astrological arts were well known to the Egyptians, Hindus, Chinese, Persians, and the great civilizations of the ancient Americas.

Astrology is the progenitor of astronomy, and for many years the two existed as one science. Nowadays, astronomy is considered an "objective" science of distances, masses, speeds, etc., while astrology is a "subjective" and intuitive science that not only deals which the astronomical delineation of horoscopes, but can also be called a philosophy which helps to explain the spiritual essence of life.




Astrology
The practice of interpreting the positions of objects outside the Earth’s atmosphere and how they indicate or reflect events found here in the past, present, or future. In the past, some people saw this as fatalistic: “If it’s in the stars it must happen.” This is more accurately described as astromancy. Today it is generally accepted that the stars impel but do not compel.


Astromancy
A form of divination using the stars. Often mistaken for astrology. Astrology focuses on discovering trends and potentials so people can choose to enhance the good or overcome the challenging. Astromancy is predictive, deterministic, and fatalistic.


Astrometeorology
The use of astrology to predict major weather patterns, especially hurricanes, tornadoes, violent storms, and other, weather-related dangers.


Astrum Argentum

See A∴A∴ .




Asura
In Tibetan spirituality a denizen of the Demi-God Realm.


Asvattha
A Sanskrit term for a mystical tree of knowledge. Curiously, it is shown inverted, with the branches extending down while the roots grow up. The branches represent the physical plane and the roots represent the spiritual plane, indicating the importance and value of the spiritual world.


Atalanta

In the ancient Greek myth, Atalanta was abandoned by her father who wanted a son, nursed by a bear and raised by hunters who tought her to fight and hunt. She took an oath of virginity to Artemis, and later was famed for being in foot races in which no man could outrun her to earn her as a bride.




Atavism

Scientifically, the reappearance of a recessive genetic trait after multiple generations where there was a lack of such an appearance. In some shamanic and magickal practices, practitioners have a goal of causing such characteristics to re-emerge, bringing back primal aspects of their being.




Ate

A Greek word meaning “ruin, folly, delusion.” It referred to the actions of a hero who actions lead to death or downfall, usually because of hubris. A goddess of this name personifies this concept.




Ategenos
(ah-the-gen-awss) - Rebirth; an incarnation or manifestation of a trait, talent, concept, spirit or divinity into human form. It is usually genetically passed down.


Athame

A tool used by Witches that combines the functioning of both wand and sword is the athame, or magical knife. It is an all-purpose instrument, used for making the material objects of ritual and also for projecting power. Some Witches even use it in their cooking! They explain that since magic embraces all of life, cooking is an integral part of their Art and this is no profanation.

The magical knife is quite old. In medieval times it was divided into two—a knife with a white hilt, used for all common purposes, and a knife with a black hilt, used for drawing magic circles and compelling spirits. This distinction is still frequently observed by modern Witches. The white and black-hilted knives are in some ways analogous to the wand and sword of high magic.


Athame

Possibly a misspelling of “Arthame” taken from the grimoire known as The Greater Key of Solomon (or perhaps vice versa). The Athame is primarily used by Witches and Wiccans. It is traditionally sharp on both sides and has a black handle. It may have symbols on it.

To many, the Athame is seen as an extension of their ability to direct energy. As such, although sharp, it is not used to cut any physical object. It is only used to direct energy or cut non-physical energy streams. To practitioners who use the Athame in this way, the carving of physical items was done with the knife known as a Boline.


Athanor
In alchemy, a special type of oven. In sex magick, the penis.


Atheist

A person who believes there are no Gods. Although among some self-described "skeptics" atheism includes the lack of belief in anything not fitting into 19th-century materialistic philosophy, there are some people today who would note that this simply does not allow for the belief in ultimate deities. It can allow for the belief in other non-material things including spirits, ghosts, survival of the personality after death, and magick.




Athena

Greek goddess of warfare, civilization, wisom, crafts, justice, strength. Patron goddess of Athens. 




Atkinson, William Walker

(Yogi Ramacharaka) American businessman, author, and occultist, 1862–1932. Self-help ideas learned from the New Thought movement helped him recover from a breakdown, and in 1900 he decided to put his talents to work in this field…He began publishing two series of books, one on New Thought under his own name, and one on yoga under the pen name of Yogi Ramacharaka.

Both he and his books soon became fixtures in the occult community of the time. In 1907 he was contacted by the young Paul Foster Case and the two entered into a long correspondence, eventually co-writing (with an unidentified third person) The Kybalion…He was involved with one of the successor orders of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn.

His series of books on yoga (including The Hindu Yogi Science of Breath, Fourteen Lessons in Yogi Philosophy, Series of Lessons in Raja Yoga, and Hatha Yoga) played an important part in introducing Americans to Hindu spiritual traditions.




Atlantis

Commonly called a "lost continent" in the Atlantic Ocean, Atlantis is veiled in myth and speculation with little in the way of supporting fact. Occultists have speculated about a superior civilization in Atlantis escaping before it sank into oblivion to establish the Egyptian and other advanced civilizations, giving their peoples a head start in magical wisdom.





Atma
The individual soul, the Self, the eternal principle.


Atma

(Sanskrit) The Upper Superessential level of reality and consciousness. Also the vehicle of the Second Self.




Atman
(Sanskrit) The true self. The Soul.


Atman

The Higher Self or Soul that is eternal.





Atmic

(Sanskrit) The Upper Superessential level of reality and consciousness.




ATS

See Astral Telepathy System.




Attention

Focused awareness. Concentration. To "pay attention" is a conscious choice to limit perception and the work of consciousness to something specific.




Attraction

The principle of attraction involves believing yourself worthy and already in possession of those things you want. It functions best when used as a goal in our Self-Empowerment through Self-Hypnosis technique, which fully mobilizes your inner resources and leaving no doubt of your success.




Attune
To bring two or more things into harmony. It is possible to attune to another person, with a philosophy, with a theology, with a spirit, etc.


Attunement
The specific initiation ritual that is given to students of Reiki. The attunement process effectively clears the body, energy channels, and aura, and seeds them for the healing Reiki energy.


Atziloot
The uppermost of the Four Kabalistic Worlds. It means the World of Archetypes or Emanations.


Atziluth
The "World of Nobility." The highest and most abstract of the four Qabalistic worlds or stages of manifestation. Atziluth is the divine world of archetypes. It is attributed to Kether, the element of fire, and the Hebrew letter Yod.


Atziluth

The first and highest Kabbalistic world, the divine world of the Archetypes. The domain of Primordial Fire. It corresponds to Kether, Chokmah and Binah.




Audgita

Sanskrit. The mental (silent) chanting of a mantra in which attention becomes so fixed that any lapse or disturbance is nearly impossible.




Augoeides
Literally “luminous body,” it was a term from ancient Greek that was also used by Neoplatonists. According to occultist and founder of the Theosophical Society, H.P. Blavatsky, the Neoplatonists believed that the Augoeides would only “shed its radiance” on a person, while Kabalists believed it would enter into a person’s soul, remaining there until death. Occultist Aleister Crowley equated it with the Holy Guardian Angel, which he also equated with the higher self, and wrote rituals for working with it.


Augoeides

Greek term meaning The Higher Ego or Individuality of Man; the “Father in Heaven.”





Augur

Noun: One who performs divination.

Verb: To perform a divination.




Augury
Generically used to mean any form of divination, it is technically the forms of divination that interpret natural phenomena such as the behavior of clouds, birds, the weather, and astronomical events such as eclipses.


August Eve
Another term for Lammas.


Aum
Alternate (and more accurate in the terms of transliteration) spelling of “om.”


Aura
A shell or layer of astral substance that surrounds and permeates the physical body. A halo or sheath of spiritual light/energy that surrounds a person and can be seen by clairvoyants.


Aura

An emanation or set of emanations that extends around objects and animals, including the human body. There are multiple beliefs as to the number of different types of auras that extend around the body. Some say there are seven, others say five or three.

The aura extends from just above the surface of the skin out to infinity. It becomes more and more ethereal as it extends further from the body, and beyond about three feet even people who can see auras are not able to detect it. The smoothness of each aura level, as well as the pureness of its color, are said to indicate the conditions of the person they surround.

In the three-fold system of interpretation, the area closest to the skin is said to relate to your physical well-being. Outside of this physical aura is the mental aura that relates to your state of mind. It could be called the psychological aura. The third part of the aura is the spiritual element. It relates to your spiritual advancement and is further away from the body than is the mental aura. Actually, all three are said to interrelate and overlap according to those who see auras. The chakras, several spinning wheels of vivid color in the aura in front of the body, are also said to be visible.


Aura
Human energy field that surrounds and interpenetrates the body. The aura contains the chakras and nadis or meridians.


Aura

An egg-shaped sphere of energy extending as much two to three feet beyond the physical body and viewed by clairvoyants in colorful layers that may be "read" and interpreted.

It includes layers outward from the physical: the Etheric, Astral, Mental, and Spiritual bodies. The aura is also known as the "magical mirror of the universe" in which our inner activities of thought and feeling are perceived in colors. It is also the matrix of planetary forces that shapes and sustains the physical body and the lower personality.

Clairvoyants may analyze the aura in relation to health, ethics and spiritual development, and the aura can be shaped and its surface made to reflect psychic attacks back to their origin. 

Suggested Reading:




Aura

The human aura is the body’s external energy field which is a manifestation of the internal energy system’s central core.




Aura Goggles

In 1908, Dr. Walter Kilner invented aura goggles involving screens of dicyanin dye by which he could perceive the ultra-violet part of the field around the body that he termed "The Human Atmosphere" in a book of that title he published in 1911.




Aura Photography
  1. A procedure that photographs the aura. See Kirlian Photography.
  2. A questionable technique that uses special lenses to produce a spurious set of colors around a person in a photograph. Often found at "psychic fairs" where people charge for the pictures and their interpretation.



Auriel

Pronounced "Ohr-Ree-Ehl" in Hebrew, Auriel is the Archangel of the North and of elemental earth. Some traditions use other spellings and pronunciations.




Aurum Philosophorum

Alchemical term meaning "Gold of the Philosophers," a code for lead.




Aurum Solis

An initiatic Order reactivated under this name in England in 1897 by George Stanton and Charles Kingold. Focused on Theurgy, High Magick, and Hermetism, it claims to descent from the Ogdoadic (Hermetic) Tradition of Ancient Egypt and then Greece. It is one of the main schools that offer a modern powerful training in the foundation of the Western Mystery Tradition. It is best known through the published works of three of its leaders, Melita Denning and Osborne Phillips (pseudonyms of Vivian Godfrey and Leon Barcynski), and today Jean-Louis de Biasi. Together, they authored many books on magical practice, such as Astral Projection and Creative Visualization, and the comprehensive curriculum presented in The Magical Philosophy. Jean-Louis de Biasi, nominated lifetime Grand Master, perpetuates this tradition with books such as The Divine Arcana of the Aurum Solis, Rediscover the Magick of the Gods and Goddesses, and more to come.

The Tradition of the Aurum Solis is defined by what is called the "Golden Chain" (of the Masters). This lineage is rooted in Hermetism, which is a tradition associating Theurgic practices with a rational approach to the inner mysteries of the life. The tradition first describes the high origins of the human soul and how it descended into physicality and what that means; secondly, it reveals the path by which the soul may again return to the Eternal and Supreme and what that involves.

This pre-Christian Tradition has given to humanity some of its greatest Scientists and Humanist Philosophers. Polytheism, the main religious expression of this time, provided the tradition of tolerance for any spiritual practice and experience. Many are the ways! But organization, self-discipline, and practice lead onward to the Next Step!

These progressive manifestations of non-theologic science and humanist spirituality were severely attacked during the rise of the institutionalized monotheistic religions in Europe and the Middle East, leading directly to the Dark Ages. However, in the fifteenth century, the Theurgic Neo-Platonist Ogdoadic tradition reappeared in Florence, Italy. The Renaissance was really a universal rebirth of the human consciousness igniting the beginning of modern civilization: breaking the religious and monarchist domination of human thought, science, and philosophy and leading to the industrial, technological, and information ages, to democracy and human rights and the abolition of slavery, religious tolerance, universal education, and the metaphysical traditions, etc.

From this earlier time the Theurgic/Hermetic Tradition was secretly continued in Europe until its rebirth in 1897. Aurum Solis is a unique example of an initiatic and spiritual organization that remained rooted in the original humanist spiritual values developed by the founders. From the beginning, Aurum Solis chose to maintain a clear and unique lineage, working hard to improve the visibility of the original Western Tradition. By highlighting the unique characteristics of this spiritual path, Aurum Solis is showing the urgency to see life differently. Dogmas are dangerous; chaos is risky, while rediscovering a tolerant and traditional path to the divine is paramount. This is the Modern Renaissance! For information: www.aurumsolis.info.




Aurum Solis

Latin for "Gold of the Sun." A magical order founded in England in 1897 by George Stanton and Charles Kingold which claims descent from the Ogdoadic Tradition of the Western Mystery Tradition. It is best known through the published works of two of its leaders, Melita Denning and Osborne Phillips, pseudonyms of Vivian Godfrey and Leon Barcynski. Together, they authored many books on magical practice, such as Astral Projection and Creative Visualization, and The Magical Philosophy. More information is available on Web.





Auspices

Observation of the results of divination.




Austromancy

Divination from the winds.




Authentic Love

A state of pure love, sometimes call real love.




Authoritarian
One of the two major styles of suggestions given to a person who is hypnotized. Also known as paternal suggestions, they are characterized by being direct, commanding, and forceful. They tell the hypnotized person exactly what to do. Opposite of Permissive suggestions.


Auto-da-fe

Literally meaning an “act of faith,” the Auto-da-fé was a ritual held during the Spanish and Portuguese Inquisitions. After the religious authorities had determined the fate of a person accused of a crime before them, a public ritual, the Auto-da-fé, was held to announce it following which the civil authorities actually performed the punishment. Originally, the punishment consisted of a variety of forms of penance. It eventually became equated with just one form, burning to death. 




Auto-hypnosis
A form of self-hypnosis where a person induces hypnosis in himself or herself, and gives suggestions, without the assistance of a device such as a recording of the hypnotic induction and suggestions.


Auto-Suggestion
Another name, often used by hypnotists, for positive affirmations or self-talk. May or may not be used during self-hypnosis.


Automatic Art
An artistic work created without conscious thought. Some people believe it is the result of a spirit working through a person. Others believe it comes from a person’s unconscious mind.


Automatic Painting
A concept similar to automatic writing. The basic idea is that a person goes into a trance and is able to transfer information from their unconscious (and from whatever sources might be influencing the unconscious) into paintings or drawings. In chaos magick, a technique often used to design sigils for use as a talisman.


Automatic Writing
A means by which a non-physical entity—classically a spirit of someone who has died—can communicate with the living. A person holds a pen or pencil on some paper in a relaxed and expectant state of mind (some believe it requires a trance state). Either the spirit moves the hand externally, or the spirit temporarily inhabits the body to do the writing to leave messages for the living. Often, the comments from the spirit are in answer to question asked by “sitters” at the séance or by the medium. Debunkers point out that this could easily be produced by fraud.


Automatic Writing

A psychic strategy in which spontaneous or involuntary writing is used to bring forth information, typically from the subconscious mind or seemingly guided by spirits. A form of Channeling in which a person, sometimes in trance, writes or even keyboards messages generally believed to originate with spiritual beings, or with aspects of the subconscious mind. 

In automatic writing, the hand holding a writing pen typically rests lightly upon a sheet of blank paper and is allowed to write spontaneously. Not infrequently, meaningless scribble will precede meaningful writing that becomes the channel between consciousness and the information source during which specific messages from either the subconscious or directly from the spirit world are received through spontaneous writing and then communicated to conscious awareness.





Automatism

A generic term for any of a set of actions—from simple finger movements to more complex and creative activities such as drawing, writing, composing or playing music, etc.—that occur without the conscious control of the person(s) doing the action. Debunkers accurately point out that the actions may be caused by the unconscious mind controlling the body, but cannot explain the quality that may result. One famous debunker, known for testing people’s claims to psychic powers, refuses to even consider the quality of such automatisms.




Autonomic Nervous System
The part of the nervous system that controls and regulates the functions in the physical body such as the heart muscles, digestive functions, hormone production and normal body operations.


Autonomic Nervous System

The "lower intelligence" that safely runs the body functions without conscious awareness.




Autoscopy

Often an aspect of astral projection, autoscopy refers to the ability to see oneself from a position outside the body. It may refer to seeing the astral double or, upon projecting, to seeing one’s own physical body.




Autumn Equinox
The second time in a year when the period of daylight and night are equal, it occurs between September 19 and 24. Pagan names for this holiday include Harvest Home and the popular Mabon, a term coined by Aiden Kelly in the 1970s. It marks the completion of the harvest and is a type of Thanksgiving. It also marks the time to begin preparing for Samhain.


Avadhut
A Sanskrit term for a mystic who is beyond daily physical concerns. Such a person is believed to no longer be attached to either their body or mind. They are believed to be incarnated pure consciousness.


Avalokitesvara
(From the Sanskrit avalokita meaning perceived or seen and Isvara, meaning lord.) In Buddhism, a bodhisattva who, as one entity, contains all the compassion of all the Buddhas. Avalokitesvara is widely revered.


Avalon
The Celtic Land of the Blessed, similar to the concept of paradise. First used by Geoffrey of Monmouth in 1136 c.e. It was where King Arthur’s sword, Excalibur, was forged, and where Arthur went to heal after his final battle at Camlann. Famed also for its apples.


Avatar

(From the Sanskrit avatara, meaning “descent”) In Tantra and other forms of Hinduism, an avatar is a physical incarnation of a higher being (a deva) or even a theophany, the physical incarnation of a god. The term implies that the entity consciously chooses to descend into a body on the physical plane. There are numerous avatars, and other spiritual traditions have adopted the word as a term to describe a deity incarnate.

In Hinduism, the God Vishnu, the preserver, is said to have ten avatars. The most famous of these is the eighth one, Krishna. The ninth avatar of Vishnu was Buddha. The tenth and final avatar of Vishnu, Kalki, will not incarnate for many thousands of years.




Aventurine
Aventurine is a pleasing dark green stone with a metallic iridescence or spangled appearance. It is a compact quartz stone, composed of silica with some impurities. It is found in India, China, and Brazil.

It is said to bring luck and adventures in love and games. It makes an individual independent and original. It has a binding and healing force, and is good for skin diseases and improving the complexion. At one time it was used to cure nearsightedness. It is helpful for the etheric, emotional, and mental bodies. Aventurine has strong healing energies, and affects the pituitary gland. It can be used for creative visualization, higher-self attunement, and is good for the muscle and nervous system.

Aventurine is a good stone for artists, writers and all those of a creative nature. It brings prosperity; the green vibrations attract money.


Averse
A term meaning “strongly opposed to” something. In magick, it generally refers to a practice used against someone or something.


Aversive Conditioning
A system for creating behavioral change that involves giving undesired stimulation in response to an undesired behavior, such as giving an electric shock every time a person inhales on a cigarette in the hopes that the pain (shock) and behavior (smoking) will become associated leading to ceasing of the behavior in order to prevent the pain. Many consider this to be ineffective and unnecessary.


Avichi
(Sanskrit) A word that means "having no waves." Among Theosophists, it is a name for a type of hell where all of those things that were important to you become meaningless. At the end of a period of avichi, people and things dissolve and return to nature.


Avidya
Sanskrit term for ignorance. It is believed there are two types of ignorance, the partial or total lack of knowledge, or incorrect or “wrong” knowledge. Avidya is one of the five traditional blockages (kleshas) to enlightenment, and some consider it to be the primary or source of these blockages.


Awake

In contrast to asleep, being awake supposedly says we are alert and perceptive to sensory input and the ongoing functions of ordinary consciousness. Nevertheless, self-observation will clearly show that there’s more to being awake than having your eyes open! It’s somewhat like having a dimmer on your light switch. Learn to turn up the intensity to become fully awake.




Awareness

Awareness is the focus of consciousness onto things, images, ideas, and sensations. Awareness is more than what we physically sense. We do have psychic impressions independent of the physical apparatus. And we can focus our awareness on memories dredged up from the subconscious; we can focus on symbols and images and all the ideas, and memories, associated with them. We can turn our awareness to impressions from the astral and mental planes, and open ourselves to receiving information from other sources from other planets, other dimensions, and from other minds. 

Awareness is how we use our consciousness. It is just as infinite as is consciousness, just as infinite as is the universe in all its dimensions and planes. When we speak of expanding or broadening our awareness we are talking about paying attention to new impressions from new sources, and from other ways we can use our consciousness. Awareness if like the "Operating System" that filters incoming information, sometimes blocking "what we don’t believe in."  

Awareness is something of a corollary to Concentration. We are used to thinking of it as passive in sensory perception but it changes dramatically when used actively. Your perceptions can be extended with expanded awareness, and what was invisible can become visible, or heard, or tasted, or sensed. To become more aware is to become enriched. And becoming aware is not limited to objects and people, but includes energies pulsing through and around objects, persons, and their environment. 

Through extended awareness, we grow and develop our latent psychic powers into reliable skills.   

Louis T. Culling wrote:

"Surely one has seen the indispensable necessity for continual awareness in the trance practices. Awareness! Awareness! I would be tempted to say that ‘awareness’ is the most important word in Magick were it not for the fact that there is a dangerous hazard in being 'hung up' with one such category."

Suggested Reading:

Culling, Louis T. & Weschcke, Carl Llewellyn: The Complete Magick Curriculum of the Secret Order G.’.B.’.G.’.




Axe
A symbol of power and light. In ancient Greece it was the symbol of thunder and Fire due to its tendency to produce sparks as it crashed loudly against armor in battle…[I]t became a symbol of blood sacrifice and later a symbol of royal blood. A double-headed axe was originally a symbol of matriarchal power, and of duality. In ancient Minoan Crete the double-bladed axe was a lunar symbol representing the waning and waxing crescent. In ancient times the double-headed axe was called a labrys.


Axinomancy
A little-known system of divination that uses axes, hatchets, or occasionally saws. Usually, this involved throwing the axe and interpreting the vibrations of the handle or blade when it landed in a solid object such as a table, a tree, or the ground. Another method is to heat the blade so that it glows, then interpret the shapes and colors seen in the blade much as you might interpret patterns in tea leaves.


Axinomancy

Divination with an axe. Toss it in the air in an open area. If it lands with the blade in the ground, note the direction in which the handle points for the answer to your question




Axis
An imaginary line that passes through a crystal around which its faces are arranged.


Axis

In astrology there are six axes formed by signs directly opposite each other in a natal chart. They are:

 Relating the interpretations of the axes can add depth to a chart analysis.




Ayida

The female counterpart of Dambala. She is sometimes considered to be a serpent and at other times considered to be a rainbow. Sometimes the rainbow and serpent are considered to be her symbols. Ayida is also considered to be a mother goddess and is very submissive and delicate. However, as a serpent with her mate Dambala (also a serpent), they are representative of the energies of sexuality. Erzulie is also a wife of Dambala.

Also known as Ayida Wedo, her “job” is to support or hold up the Earth. It is said that by grabbing her diadem you will be assured to have wealth.




Ayin
The sixteenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet, a "voiced laryngal spirant." Represents the number 70. The tenth of the twelve "single letters." A Hebrew word meaning "eye." Corresponds to Tiphareth and Hod), and Tarot trump XV The Devil.


Ayizan

The primal or archetypal Mambo (Voudoun high priestess). She is sometimes called Grande Ai-Zan or Ayizan Velekete. Ayizan, with her husband Loco, guards religious traditions, initiation, and healing powers. She is also the priestess for the revering of parents and ancestor worship. Ayizan is the Loa of commerce and trade. Her colors are yellow, gold, and white.




Ayurveda
A compound of Sanskrit words meaning “knowledge of life,” it is a word used to describe the complex ancient healing systems of India. Techniques used include breathwork, massage, needling, herbs, surgery (until banned in 250 B.C.E.), nutrition, and the use of certain minerals. The basic underlying concept is that people are based on blends of three different energies (similar to the two-fold Chinese concept of yin and yang), and when these energies are out of balance (the balance is different for each person) disease results. The techniques listed help to restore appropriate balance.


Azoth
A word composed of the first and last letters of the Hebrew and Greek alphabets. It is also called the Akasha or Astral Light. It appears as brightness and is changeable according to a person’s will.


Azoth

The universal “medicine” that is the living spirit.




Azrael
(“Whom God Helps”) Also Azriel. Azrael lives in the third heaven and has the monumental task of recording everybody’s names when they are born, and erasing them again when they die. In Jewish and Islamic lore he is considered the angel of death. This is probably because of his interest in reincarnation. He can be called upon when exploring past lives, or when investigating psychic topics.



While Llewellyn's Classic Tarot has my name on the cover, I did not so much design this project as direct it. Llewellyn wanted a deck that was designed to be faithful to the traditional tarot images, symbols, and meanings recognizable to most modern tarot readers and students. Creating a faithful yet new expression of timeless tarot imagery is... read this article
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