Llewellyn Worldwide, Ltd.
View your shopping cart Shopping Cart | My Account | Help | Become a Fan on Facebook Become a Fan | Follow Us on Twitter Follow Us | Watch Us on YouTube Watch Us | Subscribe to our RSS Feeds Subscribe
Browse ProductsAuthorsArticlesBlogsEncyclopediaNewslettersAffiliate ProgramContact UsBooksellers
Advanced Search
ENCYCLOPEDIA
Glossary
What's New
Most Popular
List of Articles

Email Exclusives
Sign up to receive special offers and promotions from Llewellyn.

Get the Latest Issue of New Worlds

May/June 2016 Issue

New Worlds Catalog

Get the FREE app for your tablet and mobile device. Now available in the iTunes Store and the Google Play Store

Also available as a PDF File.

Click for more information about New Worlds or to receive issues via mail.


The Llewellyn Encyclopedia

Term: Dunking

DEFINITIONS

Dunking: An ancient system of trial by ordeal sometimes also used for punishment dating to ancient Babylon, where it was used in cases of alleged adultery. It was made most famous during the middles ages in Europe where it was used to punish “scolds” (a woman who would break the peace by frequently arguing with neighbors) or to prove whether an accused person was a Witch. The technique could be as simple as tying a person’s hands and feet and throwing them in water. A more complex version involved tying a person to a chair suspended over water by a long pole with a counterbalance so the person could easily be dunked into the water. The dunking was repeated until the person either floated or drowned.

Depending on the locale, a person was judged to be a Witch if they floated (because water, the instrument of baptism, rejected them) or sank (because water enacted God's judgment and punishment).

The submersion of the head in water is generally regarded as a form of torture. It is currently debated as to whether a form of this, known as “waterboarding,” is actually torture.


ARTICLES

Sorry! No Articles matched your search.

Do you recall the first time you cast a solitary spell? A real spell. Do you remember the moment when you took power into your own hands, lit flickering candles, burned tendrils of incense, called to the corners, created sacred space, and invoked your intention to manifest in the universe? It was memorable, wasn't it? Like a teenager fumbling... read this article
The Magical Use of Prayer Beads
The Future of Money Magic: What Do We Put Under the Candle When Our Currency Goes Digital?
Understanding the Moon Signs of Others
Express Yourself with an Herb Garden
Tarot As a Mirror

Most recent posts:
15 Best Tarot Cards for Spell Casting
Readers, please enjoy this guest blog post by Sasha Graham, author of Tarot Diva, 365 Tarot Spreads, and the new 365 Tarot Spells. Casting a spell...

Artist Kimberly Kincaid Has Passed
Today we sadly mark the passing of artist Kimberly Kincaid, who beautifully illustrated our 2016 Astrological Calendar. We are grateful to her life...

May Day Grounding Spell
The lovely and very wise Sasha Graham has a new book in her 365 series: 365 Tarot Spells: Creating the Magic in Each Day. You can find out...




To Catch a Treat To Catch a Treat
By: Linda O. Johnston
Price: $14.99 US,  $17.50 CAN
Decanting a Murder Decanting a Murder
By: Nadine Nettmann
Price: $14.99 US,  $17.50 CAN
Llewellyn's Complete Book of Chakras Llewellyn's Complete Book of Chakras
Your Definitive Source of Energy Center Knowledge for Health, Happiness, and Spiritual Evolution

By: Cyndi Dale
Price: $39.99 US,  $45.95 CAN
The Final Tap The Final Tap
By: Amanda Flower
Price: $14.99 US,  $17.50 CAN
Killer Cocktail Killer Cocktail
By: Tracy Kiely
Price: $14.99 US,  $17.50 CAN