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November/December 2016 / Gift Guide Issue

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The Llewellyn Encyclopedia

Term: Forces



Physics recognizes four primary forces: Gravity, Electro-magnetism, and the Strong & Weak Nuclear Forces.

In occult theory, East and West, and in classical natural philosophy, there are the four elements: Earth, Fire, Air, and Water. In magickal practices, the four elements are used as "forces" and often imbued with consciousness as when they are identified with particular archangels. Might these really the same as the four forces of physics?

In occult theory, East and West, Spirit is the fifth element from which the other four are derived. If, as some of us speculate, Consciousness is the primary force, then are Spirit and Consciousness one and the same?

If Consciousness is the primary Force from which the other four Forces are derived, is this primary consciousness or Spirit the same as the Creator, we otherwise call God?

Carl Llewellyn Weschcke


The Northern Tradition
The climate of the Northern world is mostly cold and wintery, and the land is rugged and more demanding than comfortably beneficent. Survival requires knowledge and planning, and strategy for survival. It necessitates protection against the harsh ...
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Principles of Ceremonial
Magical ceremonial can be built up and elaborated to forms of great subtlety and complexity, but the initial principles which cause its creation are simple in the extreme. In the first place, ceremonial is a different thing from meditation, and it ...
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Meditation is: An emptying of the mind of all thoughts and "chatter" often by concentration only on the slow inhalation and exhalation of breath and is characterized by slow alpha and theta waves. It induces relaxation and a "clean slate" ...
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Six Forces of Magick
Enochian Magick recognizes six primary forces in the manifested cosmic planes of existence as follows: 1. Divine Force. This is the Supreme Force relative to our universe. The forces of light and heat are but pale reflections of this highly ...
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Crystal Power
Crystals have a history of capturing people's imaginations. The crystal structures are aesthetically pleasing as well as precise, implying an order to the universe thatis reassuring to the pattern-seeking human mind. But crystals are more ...
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Developing and Working with the Body of Light
After you have learned basic astral projection, the next step is for you to produce a Body of Light that can be used as your vehicle of consciousness on the inner planes. Unlike the basic training we adapted from Ophiel’s “Little ...
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Enochian Magick teaches that divinity ex-presses itself downward from the spiritual world into the material world of time, space and form. This descent results in a graduated series of planes and subplanes until the lowest expression is reached—the ...
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The Power of Negative Thinking
So far we have been considering visualization as a technique that works because it forces us to concentrate all our energies, psychological and psychic, on positive images. We have seen visualization as a method of transcending the many negative ...
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The planets (including the Sun and Moon) are the actors in the astrological drama. They represent ten general categories of energy – ten sub-personalities – that reflect facets of your personality and ways that you function in the world. Each planet ...
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Are You Vulnerable to Psychic Attack?
The answer, in all likelihood, is yes. You are immune to psychic attack only if you have learned how to protect yourself from this kind of assault—and most people don’t even know psychic attack is possible, much less that they can learn techniques ...
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The mighty dead, divination, and portals to other worlds… there are so many places to celebrate Samhain in the northeastern United States… The cooler weather, the colorful leaves, and, as the memes say, "Pumpkin everything!" Like so many witches, autumn is my favorite season, and Samhain, my favorite Sabbat. As a child I loved... read this article
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A Tarot Built for Magick: Modern Spellcaster's Tarot
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