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The Llewellyn Encyclopedia

Term: Subliminal Advertising

DEFINITIONS

Subliminal Advertising:

The idea that an advertising message presented to someone at a subliminal level will move them to action. Although the concept was popularized in books such as Vance Packard's The Hidden Persuaders (1957), the success of of such advertising is debatable.

The idea that subliminal advertising works was attributed to James Vicary (who coined the expression). Supposedly, he placed messages such as "Hungry? Eat Popcorn" for 1/3000 of a second at various times throughout a showing of the movie Picnic. Sales for popcorn supposedly went up almost 58%. Because of this, in 1974, the FCC banned subliminal advertising from radio and television.

Vicary eventually confessed that he had falsified the data from his experiments and some critics doubt that he had performed the tests at all. To this date, there is no evidence that such advertising works, but many people strongly believe in its efficacy.

Donald Michael Kraig


ARTICLES

Corto Maltese Tarot Review
Summary: The famous artwork of comic book luminary Hugo Pratt provides magnificent impressionistic watercolors. As an art deck it is a wonderful collection yielding feelings of travel, adventure, and romance in distant lands a century ago. The ...
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The Reality of Psychic Attack
In one sense, we are all victims of psychic attack. We’re psychically assaulted almost constantly by a world that has little respect for our precious selves and that seeks to influence and manipulate us in all kinds of ways, some of them potentially ...
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The Sacred Circle Tarot
Summary: The Sacred Circle Tarot features brilliant, realistic art and a totally Celtic Pagan orientation. Perfect for art collectors, Pagans, and people who already have experience with Tarot, its uniqueness is its high point and its challenge, as ...
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What Is Hypnosis?
Exactly what is hypnosis, or more accurately, self-hypnosis? Self-hypnosis is a self-induced, altered state of mental consciousness that allows you to give constructive suggestions directly to your subconscious mind. More simply put, you cause ...
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My new book, Haunted Plantations of The South, has just hit the bookshelves. In the book, I share brief histories and ghost stories of nearly one hundred separate plantations throughout eight southern states. Some of the plantations are successful bed and breakfasts, while others have unfortunately been all but forgotten. However, with each story... read this article
Traditional Lughnasadh with a Modern Twist
5 Gemstones to Help You Balance the Masculine Within
The Moon in Midlife
5 Ways Dreams Can Help at the End of Life (And How You Can Help Your Dreams Now)
The Natural Psychic... It's Time

Most recent posts:
Respect Is a Necessity When Hunting Ghosts
Readers, please enjoy this guest blog post by Richard Southall, author of How to Be a Ghost Hunter, Haunted Route 66, and the new Haunted Plantations...

Llewellyn Titles Win 2015 COVR Awards
The annual COVR (Coalition of Visionary Retailers) awards were announced this weekend at INATS in Denver. Two Llewellyn titles won 2015 COVR...

Your Tarot Ethics
My friend Michael thought having me write about tarot ethics would be interesting. I think I might disappoint him because I don’t have a set of tarot...




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Llewellyn's 2016 Magical Almanac Llewellyn's 2016 Magical Almanac
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