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The Llewellyn Encyclopedia

Term: gypsies

DEFINITIONS

Gypsies: (Plural of Gypsy) A name given to the Romani people, a group found primarily in southern and eastern Europe as well as western Asia and the Middle East, although they are also found throughout Europe, Britain, and the US. They are traditionally known for wandering and the colorful wagons in which they used to travel. The term “gypsy” is sometimes used to mean a wanderer.

Although most Romani people speak the local language, they originally spoke a language derived from Indian Sanskrit before migrating to Europe and Asia about 1,000 years ago. The term “Gypsy” was given to them because it was believed they came not from India, but from Egypt, where they were supposedly exiled for hiding the infant Jesus.

As wanderers, some Romani used various forms of entertainment, rather than set jobs, to earn a living. This included forms of fortunetelling (especially the use of cards and palmistry) as well as performing spells for people seeking love or to right perceived wrongs.

In some places, “gypsy” is a negative epithet, implying thievery and deceit. The slang expression “to gyp” means to cheat someone out of something and is believed to be based on the idea that gypsies behave this way. Like all groups of people, there are Romani who are ethically good, bad, and in between, and there is no evidence to support the claim that Romani are more or less honest than any other group. However, because when they came into Europe wearing different clothes and speaking a different language, they were easy and unfortunate targets. Just as the Jews were targeted by the Nazis for annihilation, so too were Gypsies. It has been estimated that as many as 500,000 Gypsies, nearly all the Romani in eastern Europe, were killed during the Nazi Holocaust.

Today, many people are researching the remarkable history of the Romani people, and some are especially focused on their magickal and divinatory techniques.Donald Michael Kraig


ARTICLES

A Brief History of the Tarot
The Tarot is often called the oldest book known to humankind. According to occult legend, the original cards comprised "chapters" in a book known as The Book of Thoth. Thoth was the ibis-headed god of wisdom and represented knowledge of the ancient ...
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Enochian Tarot
Most people use the Tarot for divination. This was apparently the main use applied by the Gypsies. Another common use was for entertainment. In this form, the Tarot was used as a game, possibly a game of chance like modern poker and other card ...
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Review of the Favole Tarot
Summary  Much sought after in the US because of its beauty, the Favole Tarot is a unique Marseilles-style deck. Adding to its gothic aesthetic are the creative suits: butterflies, masks, flowers, and crosses. Vampires, clowns, Witches, and ...
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In the practice of crystal magic, few would argue about the importance of quartz. Since it's one of the most abundant minerals on earth, and it can be found in so many varieties, there's bound to be some confusion when distinguishing among the different types. Fire Quartz is a prime example of this difficulty. It is a reddish-orange quartz, but... read this article
5 Uncommon Tips to Release Stress Using the Flexitarian Method
The Eight Phases of the Moon
Becoming a Werewolf: Ancient Shamanic Dog Magic
The Journey of Self-Discovery
Color Your Tarot

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Letting Go of Fear
Christine Jette’s wonderful book, Tarot for the Healing Heart, teaches how to use tarot for issues of health and healing on all levels. For so...

How Much Should You Meditate?
Readers, please enjoy this guest blog post by Doron Hanoch, author of the new Yoga Lifestyle. How much should you meditate? All the time!...

Llewellyn's 2016 Tarot Catalog Is Here!
We are proud to bring our readers our sixth annual tarot catalog! Discover the newest in tarot offerings from Llewellyn, Lo Scarabeo, and Blue Angel,...




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